CORM-2 prevents human gingival fibroblasts from lipoteichoic acid-induced VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression by inhibiting TLR2/MyD88/TRAF6/PI3K/Akt/ROS/NF-κB signaling pathway

Ching Yi Cheng, Yu Hsu Chen, Thi Thuy Tien Vo, Ying Chui Hong, Ching Shuen Wang, Quang Canh Vo, Han Chin Chou, Ting Wei Huang, I. Ta Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Periodontal diseases are prevalent worldwide. Lipoteichoic acid (LTA), a major component of gram-positive bacteria, may play a key role in periodontally inflammatory diseases. Carbon monoxide (CO) is a critical messenger in many biological processes. It can elicit various biological properties, especially anti-inflammatory effects. As the straight administration of CO remains difficult, CO-releasing molecules (CO-RMs) are emerging as promising alternatives. To explore the pharmacological actions and signaling pathways of CO battling LTA-induced periodontal inflammation, this study investigated the cytoprotective effects of CORM-2 against the adhesion of THP-1 monocytes to human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and the underlying molecular mechanism. After exposing HGFs to LTA with or without CORM-2 pretreatment, monocyte adhesion was determined. VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression in HGFs was measured by real-time PCR. To identify the signaling pathways of CO involved in the cytoprotective effects of CORM-2, HGFs underwent pharmacological or genetical interventions before LTA incubation. The expression and/or activity of possible regulatory molecules were determined. The release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, were measured using ELISA. The results showed that LTA increased cytokine production and upregulated VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression in HGFs, promoting monocyte adhesion. These events were dependent on TLR2/MyD88/TRAF6- and PI3K/Akt/NADPH oxidase/ROS-regulated NF-κB activation. CORM-2 inhibited LTA-induced inflammatory cascades in HGFs, in which CO seemed to be the hitman. To conclude, CO released from CORM-2 can prevent the LTA-stimulated HGFs from increasing VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression and promoting monocyte adhesion by inhibiting TLR2/MyD88/TRAF6 association and PI3K/Akt/NADPH oxidase/ROS signaling, both converge on the canonical NF-κB activation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115099
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume201
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules
  • Lipoteichoic acid
  • Monocyte adhesion
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Toll-like receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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