Control of wound infections using a bilayer chitosan wound dressing with sustainable antibiotic delivery

Jong Yun Hao, Fwu Long Mi, Shin Shing Shyu, Yu Bey Wu, Jen Yu Schoung, Yi Hung Tsai, Yaw Bin Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

228 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel bilayer chitosan membrane was prepared by a combined wet/dry phase inversion method and evaluated as a wound dressing. This new type of bilayer chitosan wound dressing, consisting of a dense upper layer (skin layer) and a sponge-like lower layer (sublayer), is very suitable for use as a topical delivery of silver sulfadiazine (AgSD) for the control of wound infections. Physical characterization of the bilayer wound dressing showed that it has excellent oxygen permeability, that it controls the water vapor transmission rate, and that it promotes water uptake capability. AgSD dissolved from bilayer chitosan dressings to release silver and sulfadiazine. The release of sulfadiazine from the bilayer chitosan dressing displayed a burst release on the first day and then tapered off to a much slower release. However, the release of silver from the bilayer chitosan dressing displayed a slow release profile with a sustained increase of silver concentration. The cultures of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus in agar plates showed effective antimicrobial activity for 1 week. In vivo antibacterial tests confirmed that this wound dressing is effective for long-term inhibition of the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus at an infected wound site. The results in this study indicate that the AgSD-incorporated bilayer chitosan wound dressing may be a material with potential antibacterial capability for the treatment of infected wounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-449
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 5 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chitosan
Antibiotics
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Silver
Silver Sulfadiazine
Sulfadiazine
Steam
Water vapor
Agar
Skin
Oxygen
Membranes
Water

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial activity
  • Bilayer wound dressing
  • Chitosan
  • Silver sulfadiazine
  • Wound infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Control of wound infections using a bilayer chitosan wound dressing with sustainable antibiotic delivery. / Hao, Jong Yun; Mi, Fwu Long; Shyu, Shin Shing; Wu, Yu Bey; Schoung, Jen Yu; Tsai, Yi Hung; Huang, Yaw Bin.

In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Vol. 59, No. 3, 05.03.2002, p. 438-449.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hao, Jong Yun ; Mi, Fwu Long ; Shyu, Shin Shing ; Wu, Yu Bey ; Schoung, Jen Yu ; Tsai, Yi Hung ; Huang, Yaw Bin. / Control of wound infections using a bilayer chitosan wound dressing with sustainable antibiotic delivery. In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 2002 ; Vol. 59, No. 3. pp. 438-449.
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