Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) is extremely rare in children who have not previously undergone cardiac surgery. Patients resuscitated from idiopathic VF remain at risk for recurrence. The use of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) effectively prevents such recurrences. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl who had a history of recurrent syncope and had survived an episode of VF. Serial studies after prolonged but successful resuscitation, including echocardiography, an electrocardiogram (ECG), and coronary angiography failed to reveal abnormal cardiac structures responsible for VF. No abnormal conduction pathways or abnormal early or late afterdepolarization were found on electrophysiologic study. The ST segments of the 12-lead ECG remained normal after procainamide challenge. The patient underwent ICD implantation 2 weeks after admission and syncope did not recur during a follow-up of 14 months. This report emphasizes that idiopathic VF may be responsible for syncope in children. ICD therapy prevents the recurrence of idiopathic VF and the associated risk of sudden death.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 2000|
- Idiopathic ventricular fibrillation
- Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
- Sudden cardiac death
ASJC Scopus subject areas