Congestive gastropathy is a common cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in cirrhotic patients. Forty-six patients with cirrhosis of the liver and 225 control subjects matched in age and sex without cirrhosis of the liver entered the study. We studied the prevalence of congestive gastropathy in cirrhotic patients, and the relationship between endoscopic and histological findings. Congestive gastropathy seen endoscopically was found to be more common in the cirrhotic group than in the control (85% vs. 5%, P < 0.05). The sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value were 85%, 95% and 76%, respectively. The presence of endoscopic congestive gastropathy was correlated with the severity of liver disease (P < 0.05), but not to the etiology of cirrhosis and the size of esophageal varices with or without red color sign. Endoscopic congestive gastropathy showed no correlation with the histological features including gastritis, interstitial edema, vessel ectasia/congestion and hemosiderin in endoscopic biopsy specimens. In conclusion, congestive gastropathy is a common finding in cirrhotic patients. Its appearance is closely correlated with the severity of liver disease. There is no good correlation between endoscopic congestive gastropathy and mucosal histology.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1995|
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