Conformational changes associated with cofactor/substrate binding of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae: Implications for enzyme mechanism

Ying Yin Chen, Tzu Ping Ko, Wei Hung Chen, Li Ping Lo, Chun Hung Lin, Andrew H.J. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

6-Phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH), the third enzyme of the pentose phosphate pathway, catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of 6-phosphogluconate, making ribulose 5-phosphate, along with the reduction of NADP+ to NADPH and the release of CO2. Here, we report the first apo-form crystal structure of the pathogenic Klebsiella pneumoniae 6PGDH (Kp6PGDH) and the structures of the highly homologous Escherichia coli K12 6PGDH (Ec6PGDH) complexed with substrate, substrate/NADPH and glucose at high resolution. The binding of NADPH to one subunit of the homodimeric structure triggered a 10° rotation and resulting in a 7 Å movement of the coenzyme-binding domain. The coenzyme was thus trapped in a closed enzyme conformation, in contrast to the open conformation of the neighboring subunit. Comparison of our Ec/Kp6PGDH structures with those of other species illustrated how the domain conformation can be affected upon binding of the coenzyme, which in turn gives rise to concomitant movements of two important NADP+-interacting amino acids, M14 and N102. We propose that the catalysis follows an ordered binding mechanism with alternating conformational changes in the corresponding subunits, involving several related amino acid residues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-35
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Structural Biology
Volume169
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacterial adhesin
  • Crystallography
  • Drug target
  • Pentose phosphate pathway
  • Synchrotron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology

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