Background: The Bentall operation is recommended for thoracic aortic dissection or aneurysm involving the aortic root. However, if the lesion extends to the aortic arch, concomitant Bentall operation plus aortic arch replacement (CoBAAR) surgery is required. CoBAAR is challenging because of its complex cardiopulmonary procedure, prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, and demanding operative techniques. Therefore, surgical mortality and morbidity rates for CoBAAR are very high. However, the Bentall operation performed as a single procedure may lead to reoperation if the residual aneurysm progresses. Therefore, CoBAAR as a one-stage surgery can lower the need for reoperation and possible further complications. Methods: Nine patients received CoBAAR during January 2005 to May 2010. Six patients were diagnosed with Sanford type A aortic dissection and three with nondissecting ascending aortic and arch aneurysm. Four patients received a Bentall operation plus hemiarch replacement. The others received a Bentall operation plus total arch replacement along with elephant trunk because of extensive lesions. Results: The in-hospital mortality was 11.1% (1 patient with total arch replacement). Morbidity included stroke (2 patients), spinal cord injury (1 patient), mechanical ventilation for more than 72 hours (5 patients), and temporary renal dialysis (3 patients). Eight patients survived. Conclusion: CoBAAR is a demanding operative technique requiring complex cardiopulmonary bypass. However, surgeons can perform this procedure on extensive ascending aortic dissection or aneurysm patients, achieving satisfactory results.
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