Introduction Computed tomography angiography (CTA) has been applied in imaging studies for the assessment of most abdominal and pelvic injuries in some trauma centers. However, in most institutions, CTA is not routinely performed as part of the computed tomography scan protocol. In this study, we aimed to assess the efficiency of CTA in the evaluation of patients with pelvic fractures.
Materials and methods During the study period, patients with pelvic fracture were retrospectively analyzed. In addition to conventional computed tomography scanning that includes only the single venous phase, CTA with an additional arterial phase was used to obtain more information regarding vascular injuries. Further angiographic examination was performed in the patients with positive results in either the arterial or venous phase. The sensitivity and specificity of the multiphasic CTA images in the evaluation of active arterial hemorrhage were investigated. Furthermore, the results obtained for the arterial and venous phases were also combined to evaluate associated active arterial hemorrhage.
Results A total of 144 patients with pelvic fractures who underwent CTA were enrolled in this study. Of these patients, 49 (34.0%) had active arterial hemorrhage. The sensitivities of the venous and arterial phase CTA images in the evaluation of active arterial hemorrhage were 100% (49/49) and 89.8% (44/49), respectively. Furthermore, all of the patients with positive results based on the arterial phase images were included in the group of patients with positive results based on the venous phase images. Although there were 4 patients without active arterial hemorrhage based on the angiographic examination, they still underwent embolization.
Conclusions In the management of patients with pelvic fractures, CTA provides limited benefits in the evaluation of the active arterial hemorrhage. The additional arterial phase may be helpful for distinguishing between arterial and venous hemorrhage. However, this study showed that subsequent treatment was not changed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Emergency Medicine