Compounds isolated from Eriobotrya deflexa leaves protect against ultraviolet radiation B-induced photoaging in human fibroblasts

Chung Yu Huang, Yi Tzu Lin, Hsiang Chun Kuo, Wen Fei Chiou, Mei Hsien Lee

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Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation leads to skin photoaging because of the upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and downregulation of type I collagen and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1. Eriobotrya deflexa (Hemsl.) Nakai (Rosaceae) is a flowering plant endemic to Taiwan, and its leaves have been used as an expectorant and in antitussive folk remedy. Our previous studies have demonstrated that an E. deflexa leaf extract functions as a free radical scavenger. The current evaluated the antiphotoaging effect of partitioned fractions and specific compounds from the leaves of E. deflexa by using bioguided isolation, compound identification, and biological activity testing with UVB-irradiated human fibroblasts (WS-1 cells). E. deflexa leaves were extracted with 95% ethanol and then partitioned using a sequential treatment of n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and n-butanol (n-BuOH). The bioactive n-BuOH fraction was used for isolation and purification through chromatography. The compounds were identified by analyzing their physical and spectroscopic properties. We identified eight compounds from this fraction; of these compounds, 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1‴ → 6″)-β-D-galactopyranoside (1), hyperin (2), afzelin (5), and cryptochlorogenic acid methyl ester (7) were isolated from E. deflexa for the first time, and they exhibited MMP-1 inhibition activity. The IC50 values were 96.5, 89.5, 93.4, and 92.8 μM for 1, 2, 5, and 7, respectively. These compounds also enhanced the expression of procollagen type I, and TIMP-1 and hyperin (2) were found to be most effective with IC50 values of 56.7 and 70.3 μM, respectively. Hyperin (2) could reduce intracellular reactive oxygen species production in UVB-irradiated WS-1 cells, with the corresponding IC50 value being 80.7 μM. Liquid chromatography triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry was used for the quantitative and chemical fingerprint analysis of active compounds. Quercetin 3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1‴ → 6″)-β-D-galactopyranoside (1), hyperin (2), afzelin (5), and cryptochlorogenic acid methyl ester (7) constituted 24.2 ± 3.9, 5.5 ± 1.0, 3.4 ± 0.3, and 67.1 ± 8.1 mg/g of dry weight in the active n-BuOH fraction, respectively. Our results demonstrate that the extract and the isolated active compounds from E. deflexa leaves possess the potential for protection against skin photoaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-253
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017



  • Eriobotrya deflexa
  • Human fibroblast
  • Liquid chromatography triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry
  • Matrix metalloproteinase
  • Photoaging
  • Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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