Comparisons of physical activity and sedentary behavior between owners and non-owners of commercial wearable devices

Hsin Yen Yen, Hao Yun Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: Wearable devices are a new strategy for promoting physical activity in a free-living condition that utilizes self-monitoring, self-awareness, and self-determination. The main purpose of this study was to explore health benefits of commercial wearable devices by comparing physical activity, sedentary time, sleep quality, and other health outcomes between individuals who used and those that did not use commercial wearable devices. Methods: The research design was a cross-sectional study using an Internet survey in Taiwan. Self-administered questionnaires included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Short Form, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile, and World Health Organization Quality-of-Life Scale. Results: In total, 781 participants were recruited, including 50% who were users of wearable devices and 50% non-users in the most recent 3 months. Primary outcomes revealed that wearable device users had significantly higher self-reported walking, moderate physical activity, and total physical activity, and significantly lower sedentary time than non-users. Wearable device users had significantly better sleep quality than non-users. Conclusion: Wearable devices inspire users’ motivation, engagement, and interest in physical activity through habit formation. Wearable devices are recommended to increase physical activity and decrease sedentary behavior for promoting good health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalPerspectives in Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • behavior change technique
  • health behavior change
  • nudging
  • smartwatch
  • technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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