From January to July 1989, the DNA histogram of testicular open biopsies was done for 11 patients of primary infertility and 7 patients of a control group. There were 2 failures in these 36 specimens. The flow cytometric analysis revealed characteristic patterns in the relative numbers of haploid (1C), diploid (2C), and tetraploid (4C) cells. In the presence of normal spermatogenesis, the haploid compartment contained the majority of cells, followed by the diploid, and then the tetraploid (1C greater than 2C greater than 4C). The other diagnostic criteria of flow cytometry were as follows: hypospermatogenesis (2C greater than 1C greater than 4C), the maturation arrest (2C greater than 4C greater than 1C), and Sertoli-cell-only syndrome (2C, near 100%). According to the aforementioned diagnostic criteria, the results of DNA histograms were compared with the histopathology diagnosed by junior or senior pathologists. These patterns of DNA histograms correlated with the diagnoses by senior pathologists in 28 of 34 specimens (82.6%), while there were only 20 of 36 pathologic diagnoses (55.6%) which matched between junior and senior pathologists. It is shown that abundant experience is needed for testis pathologists to diagnose accurately. The DNA histograms correlate well with pathological findings, with the advantages of quantification and fewer specimens needed. In conclusion, testicular tubular cell DNA histograms appear to be a reliable modality in the evaluation of spermatogenesis. They provide the quantitative information of sperm maturation and help in making appropriate decisions in the management of male infertility.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China. Part B, Life sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1991|
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