Comorbid psychiatric diagnosis and psychological correlates of eating disorders in dance students

Chao Yu Liu, Mei Chih Meg Tseng, Chin Hao Chang, David Fang, Ming Been Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Although dancers are at risk for eating disorders (EDs), little is known about the features of EDs among the dance population. This study explores the prevalence of EDs, and their psychiatric comorbidities and correlates in dance students. Methods: In total, 442 female high-school dance students participated in a two-phase survey. All participants completed screening questionnaires as well as measures assessing teasing, self-esteem, perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and personality. Of the participating students, 311 underwent the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders. Results: Sixty-eight individuals (15.4%) had an ED by DSM-IV diagnosis. The prevalence of any co-occurring mood (47.1%) and anxiety disorders (30.9%) was high. Although low self-esteem, high neuroticism, and high psychological distress were associated with EDs in univariate analysis, only teasing for overweight and body image dissatisfaction were significantly associated with EDs by multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Prevention and intervention programs for dance students should include recognition and management of emotional disorders and strategies promoting positive body image and reducing the incidence of negative weight-related comments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-120
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume115
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Comorbidity
  • Dance students
  • Eating disorders
  • Teasing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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