Community Outbreak Moderates the Association Between COVID-19-Related Behaviors and COVID-19 Fear Among Older People: A One-Year Longitudinal Study in Taiwan

Yi Jie Kuo, Yu Pin Chen, Hsiao Wen Wang, Chieh Hsiu Liu, Carol Strong, Mohsen Saffari, Nai Ying Ko, Chung Ying Lin, Mark D. Griffiths

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although health behavior theories indicate that fear is effective in activating preventive behaviors, the question of whether COVID-19 severity moderates the association between fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors remains unclear. The present study investigated the association between the fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors during the COVID-19 community outbreak of two severity levels in Taiwan. Data were obtained regarding the fear of COVID-19 and practice of preventive behaviors from 139 older people (mean age = 71.73 years; 30.2% men) through in-person interviews during a mild COVID-19 outbreak period (baseline assessment). Data from 126 of the 139 participants were obtained again through a telephone interview during a severe COVID-19 outbreak period (follow-up assessment). A significant increase in the fear of COVID-19 (d = 0.39, p < 0.001) and a decrease in preventive behaviors (d = 0.63, p < 0.001) were found in the follow-up assessment. The association between fear of COVID-19 and preventive behaviors was not significant at baseline (r = −0.07, p > 0.05) but became significant at the follow-up assessment (r = 0.32, p < 0.001). The severity of a COVID-19 outbreak may alter older people's psychological status and related behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number756985
JournalFrontiers in Medicine
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 17 2021

Keywords

  • behavior
  • COVID-19
  • fear
  • geriatric
  • psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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