Common carotid artery end-diastolic velocity is independently associated with future cardiovascular events

Shao Yuan Chuang, Chyi-Huey Bai, Hao Ming Cheng, Jiunn Rong Chen, Wen Ting Yeh, Pai Feng Hsu, Wen Ling Liu, W. H. Pan

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14 Citations (Scopus)


Background Carotid ultrasound is widely used to measure haemodynamic parameters, such as intima-media thickness and blood flow velocities (i.e. peak-systolic velocity [PSV], end-diastolic velocity [EDV], and resistive index [RI]). However, the association between blood flow velocities and cardiovascular events remains unclear. Design and methods Baseline data, including quantitative ultrasonography, were obtained from 3146 adults as part of the Cardiovascular Diseases Risk Factor Two-Township Study. Occurrence of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke was determined from insurance claims and death certificates. The hazard ratio (HR) of CVD (IHD and stroke combined) was calculated for EDV and PSV of the common carotid artery using Cox models. Net reclassification index and integrated discrimination index were used to evaluate the capacity of EDV to predict IHD, stroke, and CVD. Results Median follow-up was 12.8 years. There were 220 cases of IHD and 247 cases of stroke. The HR (95% CI) for CVD from univariate analysis was 4.54 (3.51-5.85) for EDV

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-124
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2016



  • End-diastolic velocity
  • ischaemic heart disease
  • risk assessment and risk reclassification
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Epidemiology

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