Combined use of stereotactic aspiration and intracerebral streptokinase infusion in the surgical treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage

Wen Ching Tzaan, Shih Tseng Lee, Tai Ngar Lui

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Stereotactic aspiration is well known for its simplicity and safety in the surgical treatment of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage. Postoperative fibrinolytic infusion with urokinase or recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and drainage of liquified hematoma are often used to improve the removal of hematoma. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of streptokinase in this treatment modality in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage or cerebellar hemorrhage. Twelve patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage underwent stereotactic aspiration using streptokinase as a fibrinolytic agent. There were six cases of putaminal hemorrhage, three of thalamic hemorrhage, and three of cerebellar hemorrhage. All but one patient had a large hematoma and presented with intracranial hypertension. Stereotactic aspiration was undertaken to remove the hematoma. Postoperatively, streptokinase was infused into the residual hematoma every 6 to 12 hours via a catheter implanted during the operation. Liquified hematoma was aspirated by syringe manually just before each infusion of streptokinase. The average duration of the entire treatment was 6 days (range 1-7). The residual hematoma at the end of treatment was less than 10 mL in all patients. Intracranial hypertension also subsided significantly in all patients. Only one patient had aspiration-induced bleeding during the operation. We conclude that stereotactic aspiration of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is relatively safe and simple. Streptokinase can be infused intracerebrally to drain residual hematoma without severe side- effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)962-967
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1997
Externally publishedYes



  • Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Stereotactic aspiration
  • Streptokinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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