Combination therapy of acarbose and cyclosporine A ameliorates imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis in mice

Hsin Hua Chen, Chi Chien Lin, Yu Tang Tung, Ya Hsuan Chao, Wen Ching Huang, Po Ying Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Moderate to severe psoriasis, an immune-mediated inflammatory disease, adversely affects patients’ lives. Cyclosporin A (CsA), an effective immunomodulator, is used to treat psoriasis. CsA is ineffective at low doses and toxic at high doses. Acarbose (Acar), a common antidiabetic drug with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects, reduces imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis severity. Combinations of systemic drugs are generally more efficacious and safer than higher doses of single drugs. We observed that mice treated with a combination of Acar (250 mg/kg) and low-dose CsA (10 or 20 mg/kg) exhibited significantly milder IMQ-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis and smoother back skin than those treated with Acar (250 mg/kg), low-dose CsA (10 or 20 mg/kg), or IMQ alone. The combination therapy significantly reduced serum and skin levels of Th17-related cytokines (interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-22, and IL-23) and the Th1-related cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) compared with Acar, low-dose CsA, and IMQ alone. Additionally, the combination therapy significantly reduced the percentages of IL-17- and IL-22-producing CD4+ T-cells (Th17 and Th22 cells, respectively) and increased that of Treg cells. Our data suggested that Acar and low-dose CsA in combination alleviates psoriatic skin lesions by inhibiting inflammation. The findings provide new insights into the effects of immunomodulatory drugs in psoriasis treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number25081822
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • Acarbose
  • Combination therapy
  • Cyclosporine
  • Imiquimod
  • Psoriasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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