We have treated 13 children with primary intracranial germ cell tumors with the combination of vinblastine, bleomycin, cisplatin, and etoposide, the so‐called VBPE regimen in the past seven years at one institution. The clinical diagnosis of these children were: three germinomas, seven non‐germinomatous germ cell tumors, and three recurrent non‐germinomatous germ cell tumors without previous chemotherapy. Of this group, three germinomas and three non‐germinomatous germ cell tumors were treated primarily with VBPE plus radiotherapy. All of them responded completely, and were free of tumor. Primary VBPE regimen without radiotherapy was used in another four non‐germinomatous germ cell tumors. After six courses of VBPE regimen, only one of the four patients achieved complete response for 30 months. VBPE regimen was used as salvage chemotherapy in three recurrent non‐germinomatous germ cell tumors without previous chemotherapy. After six courses of VBPE regimen, two had complete response for 58+ months and 78+ months respectively. We concluded that in newly‐diagnosed intracranial non‐germinomatous germ cell tumors, the combination of chemotherapy VBPE regimen and radiotherapy led to good results. Primary chemotherapy with VBPE alone was not adequate for the treatment of non‐germinomatous germ cell tumors. However, VBPE regimen might be one of the salvage therapies for recurrent germ cell tumors without chemotherapy before relapse. © 1995 Wi1ey‐Liss, Inc.
- brain neoplasm
- germ‐cell tumor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cancer Research