Colchicine use and risks of stroke recurrence in acute non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke patients: A population-based cohort study

Chi Hung Liu, Yu Sheng Lin, Pi Shan Sung, Yi Chia Wei, Ting Yu Chang, Tsong Hai Lee, Ching Yu Lee, Yan Rong Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The objective is to study whether the cardiovascular protective effects of colchicines could be applied to non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke (IS) patients. Patients and Methods: Non-cardiogenic IS patients were identified from the National Health Insurance Research Database. Eligible patients were divided into chronic and non-chronic use categories based on their long-term status of colchicine use. The non-chronic use category was subdivided into (1) non-user and (2) new user groups while the chronic use category was divided into (3) former user and (4) long-term user groups according to the patient’s recent status of colchicine use. Inverse probability of treatment weights for propensity scores was used to balance the baseline characteristics. The primary outcome was recurrent IS, which was compared within the non-chronic use and chronic use categories. Results: In the non-chronic use category, the number of patients was 355,498 and 912 in the non-user and new user groups, respectively. In the chronic use category, the number of patients was 4737 and 4354 in the former user and long-term user groups, respectively. In the non-chronic use category, patients in the new user group had a marginally lower risk of recurrent IS at 6-months (subdistribution hazard ratio [SHR], 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.94–0.97) and 2-years (SHR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.91–0.93) follow up. In the chronic use category, patients in the long-term user group also had a marginally lower risk of recurrent IS at 6-months (SHR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.86–0.88) and 2-years (SHR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.86–0.88) follow up. The effect of colchicine on the reduced risk of recurrent IS was more favorable in patients who also used statins. Conclusions: Recent colchicine use in acute non-cardiogenic IS patients is associated with marginal fewer incidences of recurrent IS. Patients with concurrent statin use may have more profound protective effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number935
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Asian
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Colchicine
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Prevention
  • Statin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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