Colchicine modulates calcium homeostasis and electrical property of HL-1 cells

Yen Yu Lu, Yao Chang Chen, Yu Hsun Kao, Yung Kuo Lin, Yung Hsin Yeh, Shih Ann Chen, Yi Jen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colchicine is a microtubule disruptor that reduces the occurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after an operation or ablation. However, knowledge of the effects of colchicine on atrial myocytes is limited. The aim of this study was to determine if colchicine can regulate calcium (Ca2+) homeostasis and attenuate the electrical effects of the extracellular matrix on atrial myocytes. Whole-cell clamp, confocal microscopy with fluorescence, and western blotting were used to evaluate the action potential and ionic currents of HL-1 cells treated with and without (control) colchicine (3 nM) for 24 hrs. Compared with control cells, colchicine-treated HL-1 cells had a longer action potential duration with smaller intracellular Ca2+ transients and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content by 10% and 47%, respectively. Colchicine-treated HL-1 cells showed a smaller L-type Ca2+ current, reverse mode sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) current and transient outward potassium current than control cells, but had a similar ultra-rapid activating outward potassium current and apamin-sensitive small-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium current compared with control cells. Colchicine-treated HL-1 cells expressed less SERCA2a, total, Thr17-phosphorylated phospholamban, Cav1.2, CaMKII, NCX, Kv1.4 and Kv1.5, but they expressed similar levels of the ryanodine receptor, Ser16-phosphorylated phospholamban and Kv4.2. Colchicine attenuated the shortening of the collagen-induced action potential duration in HL-1 cells. These findings suggest that colchicine modulates the atrial electrical activity and Ca2+ regulation and attenuates the electrical effects of collagen, which may contribute to its anti-AF activity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Fingerprint

Colchicine
Homeostasis
Calcium
Action Potentials
Potassium
Atrial Fibrillation
Muscle Cells
Collagen
Sodium-Calcium Exchanger
Apamin
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2
Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Confocal Microscopy
Microtubules
Extracellular Matrix
Fluorescence
Western Blotting

Keywords

  • Calcium handling
  • Colchicine
  • Electrophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

Cite this

Colchicine modulates calcium homeostasis and electrical property of HL-1 cells. / Lu, Yen Yu; Chen, Yao Chang; Kao, Yu Hsun; Lin, Yung Kuo; Yeh, Yung Hsin; Chen, Shih Ann; Chen, Yi Jen.

In: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Yeh, Yung Hsin

AU - Chen, Shih Ann

AU - Chen, Yi Jen

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