Co-regulation of antigen-specific T lymphocyte responses by type I and type II cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases (cAK)

Christine M. Braun, Shau Ku Huang, Anne Kagey-Sobotka, Lawrence M. Lichtenstein, David M. Essayan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While a differential sensitivity to cyclic AMP (cAMP)-mediated signaling between Th1 and Th2 cells has been hypothesized, differential activity of downstream signaling through cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAK) isoforms remains unexplored. We herein report the effects of type 1- and type 2-specific cAK agonists and antagonists on proliferative responses and cytokine generation from ragweed-driven peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and Amb a 1-specific Th1 and Th2 clones. Rp-8-Cl- and Rp-8-CPT-cAMP were utilized as single agent antagonists of cAKI and cAKII, respectively; 8-AHA-cAMP, with and without 8-PIP-cAMP, and 8-CPT-cAMP, with and without 6-Bnz-cAMP, were used as synergistic agonist pairs specific for the cAKI and cAKII, respectively. Activation of either cAKI or cAKII individually was ineffective in down-regulating proliferative responses of PBMCs or T cell clones; concentration-response curves for the Th1 and Th2 clones were identical. Moreover, inhibition of either cAKI or cAKII individually was ineffective in overcoming the down-regulatory effects of phosphodiesterase inhibition. Activation of either cAKI or cAKII individually was ineffective in down-regulating proinflammatory cytokine generation from T cell clones (interleukin-4 from Th2; interferon-γ from Th1). However, concurrent activation of both cAKI and cAKII produced down-regulatory effects equivalent to those of the phosphodiesterase inhibitor on both proliferation and cytokine generation. These data suggest a critical role for concurrent activation of cAKI and cAKII in the functional efficacy of antigen-driven downstream signaling due to elevations of intracellular cAMP and argue against differential regulation of Th1 and Th2 responses by cAK subtypes. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-879
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume56
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cAMP-dependent protein kinase
  • Human
  • Interferon-γ
  • Interleukin-4
  • Phosphodiesterase
  • T lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Co-regulation of antigen-specific T lymphocyte responses by type I and type II cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinases (cAK)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this