Clinicopathological and prognostic significance of preoperative serum epidermal growth factor levels in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma

J. S. Lin, F. J. Sun, P. Y. Lin, K. W. Chang, C. C. Yang, C. J. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor (EGF) promotes tumourigenesis and tissue repair of epithelial and mesenchymal cells and has a role in chemotaxis, mitogenesis, cell motility, and cytoprotection. It also enhances the growth of cancers. EGF may therefore have a role in the initiation or promotion of oral carcinogenesis. The cases of 152 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma whose preoperative serum EGF level was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were analyzed retrospectively, along with those of 40 age- and sex-matched controls. Patients with higher levels of EGF were more likely to have neck lymph node metastasis (P = 0.026), advanced stage cancer (P = 0.04), and a worse survival status (P = 0.0019). Multivariate analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model indicated that the EGF level was an independent predictor of poor survival (hazard ratio 1.99, P = 0.018). Patients with higher preoperative serum EGF levels had significantly poorer cancer-specific survival by Kaplan–Meier analysis (P = 0.032). This study indicates that a higher preoperative serum EGF level is associated with neck lymph node metastasis, more advanced stage, and poor survival. EGF should be considered as a potential prognostic biomarker and a therapeutic target for patients with oral cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1236-1242
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • epidermal growth factor
  • oral squamous cell carcinoma
  • serum
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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