This article reports the current evidence and expert opinions on the diagnosis and management of neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) in Taiwan. The main problems of NLUTD are failure to store, failure to empty, and a combination of these two. Priorities in the management of NLUTD, in order of importance, should be the following: (1) preservation of renal function; (2) freedom from urinary tract infection; (3) efficient bladder emptying; (4) freedom from indwelling catheters; (5) patient agreement with the management modality; and (6) avoidance of medication after proper management. Management of the urinary tract in patients with spinal cord injuries or multiple sclerosis must be based on urodynamic findings rather than on inferences from the neurological evaluation. Identification of high-risk patients is important to prevent renal functional impairment in those with chronic NLUTD. The lower urinary tract function of patients with NLUTD should be regularly followed up by urodynamic study, and any urological complication should be treated adequately. Avoiding a chronic indwelling catheter can reduce the incidence of developing a low compliant bladder. Intravesical instillation of vanilloids and injecting botulinum toxin-A are alternative treatments for refractory detrusor overactivity or a low compliant bladder, and can replace the need for bladder augmentation. When surgical intervention is necessary, less invasive types of surgery and reversible procedures should be considered first, and any unnecessary surgery in the lower urinary tract should be avoided. Keeping the bladder and urethra in good condition without the interference of neuromuscular continuity provides patients with NLUTD the opportunity to use new technologies in the future. Improving the quality of life in patients with neurogenic voiding dysfunction is the most important aspect of treatment.
- Detrusor overactivity
- Lower urinary tract dysfunction
- Neurogenic bladder
- Urological complication
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