Clinical characteristics and treatment of constrictive pericarditis in Taiwan

Fu-Chean Chen, Cha P. Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Constrictive pericarditis is an uncommon disease that prevents the normal diastolic filling of the heart and pericardiectomy is the only satisfactory treatment. Methods and Results: The clinical characteristics and treatment of patients who underwent pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis (n=23) were reviewed. Surgery was performed via left anterolateral thoracotomy plus transsternal extension in 3 patients, and median sternotomy in 20 patients. There were 2 deaths, resulting in an overall mortality rate of 8.7%. Of the 23 patients, 8 had Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Tb) infection, 2 had streptococcus infection, 1 had strongyloidiasis (Strongyloides stercoralis) and 1 developed the condition after a myocardial infarction; 2 patients underwent pericardial substitute insertion as post-heart surgery, and 3 patients had connective tissue disorders; 6 patients had idiopathic disease. Conclusion: These results show that bacterial infection, especially Tb, is a major etiology of constrictive pericarditis in Taiwan and that median sternotomy is an excellent approach for exposing the heart for pericardiectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)458-460
Number of pages3
JournalCirculation Journal
Volume69
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

Keywords

  • Constrictive pericarditis
  • Median sternotomy
  • Strongyloidiasis
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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