Clinical characteristics and coronary risk factors of patients with low concentrations of serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol

Wen Pin Lien, Ling Ping Lai, Juey Jen Hwang, Jiunn Lee Lin, Jin Jer Chen, Keh Sung Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the clinical characteristics and coronary risk factors of Chinese patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) having low serum concentrations of both low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC). Of 1,450 patients with suspected CAD (age range, 30- 92 years; 948 men and 502 women), 760 had established CAD. The patients were divided into three groups according to lipid profile patterns. Group 1 patients (n = 138) had low LDL-C concentrations (< 100 mg/dL) and low TC concentrations (< 160 mg/ dL). They were characterized by lower triglyceride concentrations, lower frequencies of high TC/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratios (> 5) and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios (> 5), and lower frequencies of a family history of CAD and obesity. Group 3 patients (n = 610) had LDL-C concentrations of 130 mg/dL or above and TC concentrations of 200 mg/dL or above, much higher than in group 1. The prevalence of CAD was 41.3% (57/138) in group 1, 46.7% (328/ 702) in group 2, and 61.5% (375/610) in group 3. Groups with higher TC and LDL-C concentrations had a higher CAD prevalence. Coronary risk factors of group 1 patients appeared to be low HDL- C concentration, high TC/HDL-C ratio, advanced age, cigarette smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Among these risk factors, HDL-C and hypertension were independent predictors of CAD. Unlike in the other two groups, hypertension was the only independent nonlipid risk factor. We conclude that in therapy or prevention of CAD, the goals should be to reduce LDL-C concentration to below 100 mg/dL and the TC concentration to below 160 mg/dL. However, other risk factors should also be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-749
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume97
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

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LDL Cholesterol
Coronary Artery Disease
Cholesterol
Serum
Hypertension
HDL Cholesterol
Diabetes Mellitus
Obesity
Smoking
Lipids

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Coronary risk factor
  • Low-density lipoprotein
  • Total cholesterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Clinical characteristics and coronary risk factors of patients with low concentrations of serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and total cholesterol. / Lien, Wen Pin; Lai, Ling Ping; Hwang, Juey Jen; Lin, Jiunn Lee; Chen, Jin Jer; Tsai, Keh Sung.

In: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Vol. 97, No. 11, 01.11.1998, p. 745-749.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Chen, Jin Jer

AU - Tsai, Keh Sung

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N2 - We investigated the clinical characteristics and coronary risk factors of Chinese patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) having low serum concentrations of both low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC). Of 1,450 patients with suspected CAD (age range, 30- 92 years; 948 men and 502 women), 760 had established CAD. The patients were divided into three groups according to lipid profile patterns. Group 1 patients (n = 138) had low LDL-C concentrations (< 100 mg/dL) and low TC concentrations (< 160 mg/ dL). They were characterized by lower triglyceride concentrations, lower frequencies of high TC/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratios (> 5) and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios (> 5), and lower frequencies of a family history of CAD and obesity. Group 3 patients (n = 610) had LDL-C concentrations of 130 mg/dL or above and TC concentrations of 200 mg/dL or above, much higher than in group 1. The prevalence of CAD was 41.3% (57/138) in group 1, 46.7% (328/ 702) in group 2, and 61.5% (375/610) in group 3. Groups with higher TC and LDL-C concentrations had a higher CAD prevalence. Coronary risk factors of group 1 patients appeared to be low HDL- C concentration, high TC/HDL-C ratio, advanced age, cigarette smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Among these risk factors, HDL-C and hypertension were independent predictors of CAD. Unlike in the other two groups, hypertension was the only independent nonlipid risk factor. We conclude that in therapy or prevention of CAD, the goals should be to reduce LDL-C concentration to below 100 mg/dL and the TC concentration to below 160 mg/dL. However, other risk factors should also be considered.

AB - We investigated the clinical characteristics and coronary risk factors of Chinese patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) having low serum concentrations of both low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and total cholesterol (TC). Of 1,450 patients with suspected CAD (age range, 30- 92 years; 948 men and 502 women), 760 had established CAD. The patients were divided into three groups according to lipid profile patterns. Group 1 patients (n = 138) had low LDL-C concentrations (< 100 mg/dL) and low TC concentrations (< 160 mg/ dL). They were characterized by lower triglyceride concentrations, lower frequencies of high TC/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratios (> 5) and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios (> 5), and lower frequencies of a family history of CAD and obesity. Group 3 patients (n = 610) had LDL-C concentrations of 130 mg/dL or above and TC concentrations of 200 mg/dL or above, much higher than in group 1. The prevalence of CAD was 41.3% (57/138) in group 1, 46.7% (328/ 702) in group 2, and 61.5% (375/610) in group 3. Groups with higher TC and LDL-C concentrations had a higher CAD prevalence. Coronary risk factors of group 1 patients appeared to be low HDL- C concentration, high TC/HDL-C ratio, advanced age, cigarette smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. Among these risk factors, HDL-C and hypertension were independent predictors of CAD. Unlike in the other two groups, hypertension was the only independent nonlipid risk factor. We conclude that in therapy or prevention of CAD, the goals should be to reduce LDL-C concentration to below 100 mg/dL and the TC concentration to below 160 mg/dL. However, other risk factors should also be considered.

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