Clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics and long-term efficacy of slow-pathway catheter ablation in patients with spontaneous supraventricular tachycardia and dual atrioventricular node pathways without inducible tachycardia

Jiunn Lee Lin, Shoei K.Stephen Huang, Ling Ping Lai, Wen Chin Ko, Yung Zu Tseng, Wen Pin Lien

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28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. We sought to investigate the long-term efficacy of slow- pathway catheter ablation in patients with spontaneous, documented paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and dual atrioventricular (AV) node pathways but without inducible tachycardia. Background. The lack of reproduction of clinical PSVT by programmed electrical stimulation, which is not uncommon in AV node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), is a dilemma in making the decision of the therapeutic end point of radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods. Twenty-seven patients (group A) with documented but noninducible PSVT and with dual AV node pathways were prospectively studied. Programmed electrical stimulation could induce a single AV node echo beat in 12 patients, double echo beats in 4 patients and none in 11 patients at baseline or during isoproterenol infusion. Of the patients in group A, 16 underwent slow-pathway catheter ablation and 11 did not. The clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics of the 27 patients were compared with those of patients with dual AV node pathways and inducible AVNRT (group B, n = 55) and patients with dual AV node pathways alone without clinical PSVT (group C, n = 47). Results. During 23 ± 13 months of follow-up, none of the 16 patients with slow-pathway catheter ablation had recurrence of PSVT. However, 7 of the 11 patients without ablation had PSVT recurrence at 13 ± 14 months of follow-up (p < 0.03 by Kaplan-Meier analysis). Compared with groups B and C, group A consisted predominantly of men who had better retrograde AV node conduction and a narrower zone for anterograde slow- pathway conduction. Conclusions. Slow-pathway catheter ablation is highly effective in eliminating spontaneous PSVT in which the tachycardia is not inducible despite the presence of dual AV node pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-860
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 15 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Atrioventricular Node
Supraventricular Tachycardia
Catheter Ablation
Tachycardia
Paroxysmal Tachycardia
Electric Stimulation
Recurrence
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Isoproterenol
Reproduction
Decision Making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics and long-term efficacy of slow-pathway catheter ablation in patients with spontaneous supraventricular tachycardia and dual atrioventricular node pathways without inducible tachycardia",
abstract = "Objectives. We sought to investigate the long-term efficacy of slow- pathway catheter ablation in patients with spontaneous, documented paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and dual atrioventricular (AV) node pathways but without inducible tachycardia. Background. The lack of reproduction of clinical PSVT by programmed electrical stimulation, which is not uncommon in AV node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), is a dilemma in making the decision of the therapeutic end point of radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods. Twenty-seven patients (group A) with documented but noninducible PSVT and with dual AV node pathways were prospectively studied. Programmed electrical stimulation could induce a single AV node echo beat in 12 patients, double echo beats in 4 patients and none in 11 patients at baseline or during isoproterenol infusion. Of the patients in group A, 16 underwent slow-pathway catheter ablation and 11 did not. The clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics of the 27 patients were compared with those of patients with dual AV node pathways and inducible AVNRT (group B, n = 55) and patients with dual AV node pathways alone without clinical PSVT (group C, n = 47). Results. During 23 ± 13 months of follow-up, none of the 16 patients with slow-pathway catheter ablation had recurrence of PSVT. However, 7 of the 11 patients without ablation had PSVT recurrence at 13 ± 14 months of follow-up (p < 0.03 by Kaplan-Meier analysis). Compared with groups B and C, group A consisted predominantly of men who had better retrograde AV node conduction and a narrower zone for anterograde slow- pathway conduction. Conclusions. Slow-pathway catheter ablation is highly effective in eliminating spontaneous PSVT in which the tachycardia is not inducible despite the presence of dual AV node pathways.",
author = "Lin, {Jiunn Lee} and Huang, {Shoei K.Stephen} and Lai, {Ling Ping} and Ko, {Wen Chin} and Tseng, {Yung Zu} and Lien, {Wen Pin}",
year = "1998",
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doi = "10.1016/S0735-1097(98)00015-1",
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T1 - Clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics and long-term efficacy of slow-pathway catheter ablation in patients with spontaneous supraventricular tachycardia and dual atrioventricular node pathways without inducible tachycardia

AU - Lin, Jiunn Lee

AU - Huang, Shoei K.Stephen

AU - Lai, Ling Ping

AU - Ko, Wen Chin

AU - Tseng, Yung Zu

AU - Lien, Wen Pin

PY - 1998/3/15

Y1 - 1998/3/15

N2 - Objectives. We sought to investigate the long-term efficacy of slow- pathway catheter ablation in patients with spontaneous, documented paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and dual atrioventricular (AV) node pathways but without inducible tachycardia. Background. The lack of reproduction of clinical PSVT by programmed electrical stimulation, which is not uncommon in AV node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), is a dilemma in making the decision of the therapeutic end point of radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods. Twenty-seven patients (group A) with documented but noninducible PSVT and with dual AV node pathways were prospectively studied. Programmed electrical stimulation could induce a single AV node echo beat in 12 patients, double echo beats in 4 patients and none in 11 patients at baseline or during isoproterenol infusion. Of the patients in group A, 16 underwent slow-pathway catheter ablation and 11 did not. The clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics of the 27 patients were compared with those of patients with dual AV node pathways and inducible AVNRT (group B, n = 55) and patients with dual AV node pathways alone without clinical PSVT (group C, n = 47). Results. During 23 ± 13 months of follow-up, none of the 16 patients with slow-pathway catheter ablation had recurrence of PSVT. However, 7 of the 11 patients without ablation had PSVT recurrence at 13 ± 14 months of follow-up (p < 0.03 by Kaplan-Meier analysis). Compared with groups B and C, group A consisted predominantly of men who had better retrograde AV node conduction and a narrower zone for anterograde slow- pathway conduction. Conclusions. Slow-pathway catheter ablation is highly effective in eliminating spontaneous PSVT in which the tachycardia is not inducible despite the presence of dual AV node pathways.

AB - Objectives. We sought to investigate the long-term efficacy of slow- pathway catheter ablation in patients with spontaneous, documented paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) and dual atrioventricular (AV) node pathways but without inducible tachycardia. Background. The lack of reproduction of clinical PSVT by programmed electrical stimulation, which is not uncommon in AV node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), is a dilemma in making the decision of the therapeutic end point of radiofrequency catheter ablation. Methods. Twenty-seven patients (group A) with documented but noninducible PSVT and with dual AV node pathways were prospectively studied. Programmed electrical stimulation could induce a single AV node echo beat in 12 patients, double echo beats in 4 patients and none in 11 patients at baseline or during isoproterenol infusion. Of the patients in group A, 16 underwent slow-pathway catheter ablation and 11 did not. The clinical and electrophysiologic characteristics of the 27 patients were compared with those of patients with dual AV node pathways and inducible AVNRT (group B, n = 55) and patients with dual AV node pathways alone without clinical PSVT (group C, n = 47). Results. During 23 ± 13 months of follow-up, none of the 16 patients with slow-pathway catheter ablation had recurrence of PSVT. However, 7 of the 11 patients without ablation had PSVT recurrence at 13 ± 14 months of follow-up (p < 0.03 by Kaplan-Meier analysis). Compared with groups B and C, group A consisted predominantly of men who had better retrograde AV node conduction and a narrower zone for anterograde slow- pathway conduction. Conclusions. Slow-pathway catheter ablation is highly effective in eliminating spontaneous PSVT in which the tachycardia is not inducible despite the presence of dual AV node pathways.

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