Citizenship, Professionalism and Modernity: Revisiting the Conceptions of Citizen Between West European and Modern China from the Perspective of Functional Differentiation (WG02-639.3)

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This paper attempts to scrutinize the genealogy of citizenship, in order to contribute to the historical comparison on the constitution of political subject, the
modernity between Western European and Chinese society. The concept of citizen
rooted in European history and social context mainly appears in two distinctive
modulus and their respective sub-models: pre-modern one including the Greek/
Roman, Christian/Middle-Age, and Enlightenment/Natural Law; modern one including the Modern/Revolutionary, Nation-State, and Post-nationality. Although
there are some differences between the modulus, the theoretical genealogy is
written in terms of “political community”. However, a sociological perspective can
propose a distinctive observation on this genealogical writing. Sociological analysis not only accepts the assumption that the concept of citizenship concerns the
membership of political community and the rights-obligation attached to members, but also reflects on the theoretical implication that the functional-differentiation principle in modern society, rather than the hierarchical-differentiation principle in pre-modern society, bring into the uni-dimensionality existed in the genealogy of citizenship. In this regards, the theme of “the rise of professional society” in the 19th century constitutes a crucial historical evidence, provoking a new genealogy of citizenship that differs from the “noble/bourgeoisie/middle class/working class” convention, a narrative based on the hierarchical-differentiation viewpoint. In sum, this paper first examines the elective affinity between modern profession and modern citizen in the 18-19th century through the theoretical viewpoint of functional-differentiation, and then referentially compares the distinctive roads of citizenship in modern Chinese society (the late 19th to the early 20th century) and European society (between the 18th-20th century), in terms of the sociological genealogy of citizenship, which is a reconstructed political modernity.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventThird ISA forum of Sociology: THE FUTURES WE WANT: GLOBAL SOCIOLOGY AND THE STRUGGLES FOR A BETTER WORLD - Vienna, Austria
Duration: Jul 10 2016Jul 14 2016
https://www.isa-sociology.org/en/conferences/forum/vienna-2016

Conference

ConferenceThird ISA forum of Sociology
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period7/10/167/14/16
Internet address

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functional differentiation
modernity
genealogy
citizenship
citizen
China
European history
bourgeoisie
natural law
nationality
working class
nation state
community
middle class
Society
professionalism
obligation
constitution
profession
road

Cite this

@conference{1d97a66a17e24c068158c0732839756b,
title = "Citizenship, Professionalism and Modernity: Revisiting the Conceptions of Citizen Between West European and Modern China from the Perspective of Functional Differentiation (WG02-639.3)",
abstract = "This paper attempts to scrutinize the genealogy of citizenship, in order to contribute to the historical comparison on the constitution of political subject, themodernity between Western European and Chinese society. The concept of citizenrooted in European history and social context mainly appears in two distinctivemodulus and their respective sub-models: pre-modern one including the Greek/Roman, Christian/Middle-Age, and Enlightenment/Natural Law; modern one including the Modern/Revolutionary, Nation-State, and Post-nationality. Althoughthere are some differences between the modulus, the theoretical genealogy iswritten in terms of “political community”. However, a sociological perspective canpropose a distinctive observation on this genealogical writing. Sociological analysis not only accepts the assumption that the concept of citizenship concerns themembership of political community and the rights-obligation attached to members, but also reflects on the theoretical implication that the functional-differentiation principle in modern society, rather than the hierarchical-differentiation principle in pre-modern society, bring into the uni-dimensionality existed in the genealogy of citizenship. In this regards, the theme of “the rise of professional society” in the 19th century constitutes a crucial historical evidence, provoking a new genealogy of citizenship that differs from the “noble/bourgeoisie/middle class/working class” convention, a narrative based on the hierarchical-differentiation viewpoint. In sum, this paper first examines the elective affinity between modern profession and modern citizen in the 18-19th century through the theoretical viewpoint of functional-differentiation, and then referentially compares the distinctive roads of citizenship in modern Chinese society (the late 19th to the early 20th century) and European society (between the 18th-20th century), in terms of the sociological genealogy of citizenship, which is a reconstructed political modernity.",
author = "Po-Fang Tsai",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
note = "null ; Conference date: 10-07-2016 Through 14-07-2016",
url = "https://www.isa-sociology.org/en/conferences/forum/vienna-2016",

}

TY - CONF

T1 - Citizenship, Professionalism and Modernity: Revisiting the Conceptions of Citizen Between West European and Modern China from the Perspective of Functional Differentiation (WG02-639.3)

AU - Tsai, Po-Fang

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - This paper attempts to scrutinize the genealogy of citizenship, in order to contribute to the historical comparison on the constitution of political subject, themodernity between Western European and Chinese society. The concept of citizenrooted in European history and social context mainly appears in two distinctivemodulus and their respective sub-models: pre-modern one including the Greek/Roman, Christian/Middle-Age, and Enlightenment/Natural Law; modern one including the Modern/Revolutionary, Nation-State, and Post-nationality. Althoughthere are some differences between the modulus, the theoretical genealogy iswritten in terms of “political community”. However, a sociological perspective canpropose a distinctive observation on this genealogical writing. Sociological analysis not only accepts the assumption that the concept of citizenship concerns themembership of political community and the rights-obligation attached to members, but also reflects on the theoretical implication that the functional-differentiation principle in modern society, rather than the hierarchical-differentiation principle in pre-modern society, bring into the uni-dimensionality existed in the genealogy of citizenship. In this regards, the theme of “the rise of professional society” in the 19th century constitutes a crucial historical evidence, provoking a new genealogy of citizenship that differs from the “noble/bourgeoisie/middle class/working class” convention, a narrative based on the hierarchical-differentiation viewpoint. In sum, this paper first examines the elective affinity between modern profession and modern citizen in the 18-19th century through the theoretical viewpoint of functional-differentiation, and then referentially compares the distinctive roads of citizenship in modern Chinese society (the late 19th to the early 20th century) and European society (between the 18th-20th century), in terms of the sociological genealogy of citizenship, which is a reconstructed political modernity.

AB - This paper attempts to scrutinize the genealogy of citizenship, in order to contribute to the historical comparison on the constitution of political subject, themodernity between Western European and Chinese society. The concept of citizenrooted in European history and social context mainly appears in two distinctivemodulus and their respective sub-models: pre-modern one including the Greek/Roman, Christian/Middle-Age, and Enlightenment/Natural Law; modern one including the Modern/Revolutionary, Nation-State, and Post-nationality. Althoughthere are some differences between the modulus, the theoretical genealogy iswritten in terms of “political community”. However, a sociological perspective canpropose a distinctive observation on this genealogical writing. Sociological analysis not only accepts the assumption that the concept of citizenship concerns themembership of political community and the rights-obligation attached to members, but also reflects on the theoretical implication that the functional-differentiation principle in modern society, rather than the hierarchical-differentiation principle in pre-modern society, bring into the uni-dimensionality existed in the genealogy of citizenship. In this regards, the theme of “the rise of professional society” in the 19th century constitutes a crucial historical evidence, provoking a new genealogy of citizenship that differs from the “noble/bourgeoisie/middle class/working class” convention, a narrative based on the hierarchical-differentiation viewpoint. In sum, this paper first examines the elective affinity between modern profession and modern citizen in the 18-19th century through the theoretical viewpoint of functional-differentiation, and then referentially compares the distinctive roads of citizenship in modern Chinese society (the late 19th to the early 20th century) and European society (between the 18th-20th century), in terms of the sociological genealogy of citizenship, which is a reconstructed political modernity.

M3 - Paper

ER -