cIAP2 upregulated by E6 oncoprotein via epidermal growth factor receptor/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT pathway confers resistance to cisplatin in human papillomavirus 16/18-infected lung cancer

Heng Hsiung Wu, Jeng Yuan Wu, Ya Wen Cheng, Chi Yi Chen, Ming Ching Lee, Yih Gang Goan, Huei Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: Inhibitors of antiapoptosis protein (IAP) have been implicated in the resistance to cisplatin. Therefore, verifying which pathway is involved in cIAP2 upregulation may be helpful in finding a feasible pathway inhibitor to increase the chemotherapeutic efficacy in human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected lung cancer. Experimental Design: Specific inhibitors of different pathways were used to verify which pathway is involved in cIAP2 transcription. cIAP2 promoter fragments with various deletions and/or mutations were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. cIAP2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and phospho-AKT (p-AKT) expressions in 136 lung tumors were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results: Our data show that two NF-κB (-209 to -200 and -146 to -137) and one CREB (cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein; -52 to -42) binding sites in cIAP2 promoter region were responsible for cIAP2 upregulated by E6 in TL-1 cells. Moreover, CREB was phosphorylated by EGFR/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway. To test the involvement of cIAP2 on cisplatin resistance, IC50 was lowered to 8.6 μmol/L in TL-1 cells with cIAP2 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) transfection and compared with 39.7 μmol/L in TL-1 cells with nonspecific shRNA. Pretreatment with EGFR or PI3K inhibitor in TL-1 cells diminished the resistance to cisplatin. Among the tumor groups, cIAP2 expression correlated significantly with HPV16/18 E6, EGFR, and p-AKT. We followed up 46 of 136 patients who had tumor recurrence and/or metastasis and underwent chemotherapy. Tumors with cIAP2-positive immunostaining were associated with a poorer tumor response to chemotherapy compared with those with negative immunostaining. Conclusions: cIAP2 upregulated by E6 via EGFR/PI3K/AKT cascades may contribute to cisplatin resistance, revealing that the EGFR or PI3K inhibitor combined with cisplatin may improve the chemotherapeutic efficacy in HPV-infected lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5200-5210
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume16
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Human papillomavirus 18
Human papillomavirus 16
Oncogene Proteins
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Cisplatin
Lung Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Small Interfering RNA
Drug Therapy
Sequence Deletion
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Genetic Promoter Regions
Cyclic AMP
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Transfection
Carrier Proteins
Research Design
Up-Regulation
Immunohistochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

cIAP2 upregulated by E6 oncoprotein via epidermal growth factor receptor/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT pathway confers resistance to cisplatin in human papillomavirus 16/18-infected lung cancer. / Wu, Heng Hsiung; Wu, Jeng Yuan; Cheng, Ya Wen; Chen, Chi Yi; Lee, Ming Ching; Goan, Yih Gang; Lee, Huei.

In: Clinical Cancer Research, Vol. 16, No. 21, 01.11.2010, p. 5200-5210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wu, Heng Hsiung ; Wu, Jeng Yuan ; Cheng, Ya Wen ; Chen, Chi Yi ; Lee, Ming Ching ; Goan, Yih Gang ; Lee, Huei. / cIAP2 upregulated by E6 oncoprotein via epidermal growth factor receptor/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT pathway confers resistance to cisplatin in human papillomavirus 16/18-infected lung cancer. In: Clinical Cancer Research. 2010 ; Vol. 16, No. 21. pp. 5200-5210.
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abstract = "Purpose: Inhibitors of antiapoptosis protein (IAP) have been implicated in the resistance to cisplatin. Therefore, verifying which pathway is involved in cIAP2 upregulation may be helpful in finding a feasible pathway inhibitor to increase the chemotherapeutic efficacy in human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected lung cancer. Experimental Design: Specific inhibitors of different pathways were used to verify which pathway is involved in cIAP2 transcription. cIAP2 promoter fragments with various deletions and/or mutations were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. cIAP2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and phospho-AKT (p-AKT) expressions in 136 lung tumors were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results: Our data show that two NF-κB (-209 to -200 and -146 to -137) and one CREB (cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein; -52 to -42) binding sites in cIAP2 promoter region were responsible for cIAP2 upregulated by E6 in TL-1 cells. Moreover, CREB was phosphorylated by EGFR/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway. To test the involvement of cIAP2 on cisplatin resistance, IC50 was lowered to 8.6 μmol/L in TL-1 cells with cIAP2 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) transfection and compared with 39.7 μmol/L in TL-1 cells with nonspecific shRNA. Pretreatment with EGFR or PI3K inhibitor in TL-1 cells diminished the resistance to cisplatin. Among the tumor groups, cIAP2 expression correlated significantly with HPV16/18 E6, EGFR, and p-AKT. We followed up 46 of 136 patients who had tumor recurrence and/or metastasis and underwent chemotherapy. Tumors with cIAP2-positive immunostaining were associated with a poorer tumor response to chemotherapy compared with those with negative immunostaining. Conclusions: cIAP2 upregulated by E6 via EGFR/PI3K/AKT cascades may contribute to cisplatin resistance, revealing that the EGFR or PI3K inhibitor combined with cisplatin may improve the chemotherapeutic efficacy in HPV-infected lung cancer.",
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AU - Wu, Heng Hsiung

AU - Wu, Jeng Yuan

AU - Cheng, Ya Wen

AU - Chen, Chi Yi

AU - Lee, Ming Ching

AU - Goan, Yih Gang

AU - Lee, Huei

PY - 2010/11/1

Y1 - 2010/11/1

N2 - Purpose: Inhibitors of antiapoptosis protein (IAP) have been implicated in the resistance to cisplatin. Therefore, verifying which pathway is involved in cIAP2 upregulation may be helpful in finding a feasible pathway inhibitor to increase the chemotherapeutic efficacy in human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected lung cancer. Experimental Design: Specific inhibitors of different pathways were used to verify which pathway is involved in cIAP2 transcription. cIAP2 promoter fragments with various deletions and/or mutations were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis. cIAP2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), and phospho-AKT (p-AKT) expressions in 136 lung tumors were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results: Our data show that two NF-κB (-209 to -200 and -146 to -137) and one CREB (cyclic AMP-responsive element binding protein; -52 to -42) binding sites in cIAP2 promoter region were responsible for cIAP2 upregulated by E6 in TL-1 cells. Moreover, CREB was phosphorylated by EGFR/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway. To test the involvement of cIAP2 on cisplatin resistance, IC50 was lowered to 8.6 μmol/L in TL-1 cells with cIAP2 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) transfection and compared with 39.7 μmol/L in TL-1 cells with nonspecific shRNA. Pretreatment with EGFR or PI3K inhibitor in TL-1 cells diminished the resistance to cisplatin. Among the tumor groups, cIAP2 expression correlated significantly with HPV16/18 E6, EGFR, and p-AKT. We followed up 46 of 136 patients who had tumor recurrence and/or metastasis and underwent chemotherapy. Tumors with cIAP2-positive immunostaining were associated with a poorer tumor response to chemotherapy compared with those with negative immunostaining. Conclusions: cIAP2 upregulated by E6 via EGFR/PI3K/AKT cascades may contribute to cisplatin resistance, revealing that the EGFR or PI3K inhibitor combined with cisplatin may improve the chemotherapeutic efficacy in HPV-infected lung cancer.

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