Chronic hepatitis virus infection in patients with multiple myeloma: Clinical characteristics and outcomes

Chung Jen Teng, Han Tsung Liu, Chun Yu Liu, Chi Hsiu Hsih, Jih Tung Pai, Jyh Pyng Gau, Jin Hwang Liu, Tzeon Jye Chiou, Hui Chi Hsu, Po Min Chen, Cheng Hwai Tzeng, Yuan Bin Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Cytotoxic agents and steroids are used to treat lymphoid malignancies, but these compounds may exacerbate chronic viral hepatitis. For patients with multiple myeloma, the impact of preexisting hepatitis virus infection is unclear. The aim of this study is to explore the characteristics and outcomes of myeloma patients with chronic hepatitis virus infection. METHODS: From 2003 to 2008, 155 myeloma patients were examined to determine their chronic hepatitis virus infection statuses using serologic tests for the hepatitis B (HBV) and C viruses (HCV). Clinical parameters and outcome variables were retrieved via a medical chart review. RESULTS: The estimated prevalences of chronic HBV and HCV infections were 11.0% (n = 17) and 9.0% (n = 14), respectively. The characteristics of patients who were hepatitis virus carriers and those who were not were similar. However, carrier patients had a higher prevalence of conventional cytogenetic abnormalities (64.3% vs. 25.0%). The cumulative incidences of grade 3-4 elevation of the level of alanine transaminase, 30.0% vs. 12.0%, and hyperbilirubinemia, 20.0% vs. 1.6%, were higher in carriers as well. In a Kaplan-Meier analysis, carrier patients had worse overall survival (median: 16.0 vs. 42.4 months). The prognostic value of carrier status was not statistically significant in the multivariate analysis, but an age of more than 65 years old, the presence of cytogenetic abnormalities, a beta-2-microglobulin level of more than 3.5 mg/L, and a serum creatinine level of more than 2 mg/ dL were independent factors associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: Myeloma patients with chronic hepatitis virus infections might be a distinct subgroup, and close monitoring of hepatic adverse events should be mandatory. &copy 2011 CLINICS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2055-2061
Number of pages7
JournalClinics
Volume66
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adverse events
  • Cytogenetic abnormalities
  • Hepatitis B virus
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Multiple myeloma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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