Chronic inflammation has a tight cause-and-effect relationship with DNA damage by inflicting tissue damage and increasing cancer risk. Rrm2b, a key enzyme in de novo deoxyribonucleotide synthesis, is involved in DNA damage repair, but its role in cancer development has yet to be demonstrated. In this work, Rrm2b gene loss led to severe numerical and structural chromosome abnormalities that caused ATM activation, inducing p-Ser85 IKKγ/NEMO and IκB kinase (IKK). NF-κB consequently induced by IKK triggered sustained IL-6 expression that constitutively activated STAT3 in Rrm2b-deficient cells. High plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) and associated hematologic disorders were observed in Rrm2b-/- mice, and 30%-40% of aged Rrm2b heterozygous knockout mice developed plasma cell neoplasms and suffered from progressive splenomegaly and ascites. The genetic ablation of IL-6 suppressed STAT3 induction and delayed disease onset in Rrm2b-/- mice, extending their lifespan. Thus, Rrm2b plays a crucial role in maintaining chromosomal stability and preventing chronic-inflammation-associated tumorigenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)