Chicken essence improves exercise performance and ameliorates physical fatigue

Wen Ching Huang, Ching I. Lin, Chien Chao Chiu, Yi Ting Lin, Wei Kai Huang, Hui Yu Huang, Chi Chang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chicken essence (CE) is a liquid nutritional supplement made from cooking whole chickens. In traditional Chinese medicine, CE is used to support health, promote healing, increase metabolism, and relieve fatigue. However, few studies have examined the effect of CE on exercise performance and physical fatigue. We aimed to evaluate the potential beneficial effects of CE on fatigue and ergogenic functions following physical challenge in mice. Male ICR mice were divided into four groups to receive vehicle or CE by oral gavage at 0, 845, 1690, or 4225 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks. Exercise performance and anti-fatigue function were evaluated by forelimb grip strength, exhaustive swimming time, and levels of physical fatigue-related biomarkers serum lactate, ammonia, glucose, and creatine kinase (CK) after physical challenge. CE supplementation dose-dependently elevated endurance and grip strength. CE supplementation significantly decreased lactate, ammonia, and CK levels after physical challenge. Tissue glycogen content, an important energy source for exercise, was significantly increased with CE supplementation. In addition, CE supplementation had few subchronic toxic effects. The supplementation with CE can have a wide spectrum of bioactivities on health promotion, performance improvement and anti-fatigue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2681-2696
Number of pages16
JournalNutrients
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 18 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Ammonia
  • Ergogenic aid
  • Glycogen
  • Grip strength
  • Lactate
  • Supplement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Huang, W. C., Lin, C. I., Chiu, C. C., Lin, Y. T., Huang, W. K., Huang, H. Y., & Huang, C. C. (2014). Chicken essence improves exercise performance and ameliorates physical fatigue. Nutrients, 6(7), 2681-2696. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu6072681