SHV-12 is the most widespread resistance determinant of Enterobacter cloacae in Taiwan; however, blaSHV-12 has rarely been mobilized. Six multidrug-resistant E. cloacae isolates were collected. After conjugal transfer, plasmid profiling and analysis of incompatibility groups was performed to characterize the genetic context of blaSHV-12-containing fragments. The presence of mobile genetic elements was demonstrated by PCR, cloning, sequencing and bioinformatics analyses. Four different β-lactamase genes (blaTEM-1, blaSHV-12, blaCTX-M-3 and/or blaCTX-M-14) were observed in the conjugative plasmids belonging to the IncHI2 (n=4), IncI1 or IncP incompatibility groups. The IS26-blaSHV-12-IS26 locus was located in five different genetic environments. A novel structural organization of a class 1 integron with the aac(6')-IIc cassette truncated by IS26 was identified in one isolate. Thus, blaSHV-12 was obtained from different plasmids through IS26-mediated homologous recombination. IS26 plays a vital role in the distribution of mobile resistance elements between different plasmids found in multidrug-resistant E. cloacae isolates.
- Enterobacter cloacae
- Homologous recombination
- IS26-bla<inf>SHV-12</inf>-IS26 locus
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