Characterization of a glycine N-methyltransferase gene knockout mouse model for hepatocellular carcinoma

Implications of the gender disparity in liver cancer susceptibility

Yi Jcn Liao, Shih Ping Liu, Cheng Ming Lee, Chia Hung Yen, Pei Chun Chuang, Chia Yen Chen, Ting Fen Tsai, Shiu Feng Huang, Yan Hwa Wu Lee, Yi Ming Arthur Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth common cancer in the world and it mainly occurs in men. Glycine N-methyltransfer-ase iGNMTt participates in one-earbon metabolism and affects DNA methylation by regulating the ratio of 5-adenosylmethionine to S-adenosylhomoeystine. Previously, we described that the expression of GNMT was diminished in human HCC. Here, we showed that 50% (3/6) male and 100% (7/7) female Gnmt-/ -mice developed HCC, and their mean ages of HCC development were 17 and 16.5 months, respectively. In addition, 42.9% (3/7) of female Gntnt-/- mice had hemangioma. Writ reporter assay demonstrated that Gnmt is a negative regulator for canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Beta-catenin, cyclin Dl and c-Myc, genes related to Wnt pathway, were upregulated In the liver tissues from both 11 weeks and HCC stage of Gnmt-/- mice. Furthermore, global DNA hypomethylation and aberrant expression of DNA methyltransferases 1 and 3b were found in the early and late stages of HCC development. Hierarchical cluster analysis of 6,023 transcripts from microarray data found that gene expression patterns of HCC tumors from male and female Gnmt-/- mice were distinctively different. Real-time PGR conirmed that Gadd4Sa, PakI, MupkJ and Dsup3 genes of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway were activated in Gnmt-/- mice, especially in the female mice. Therefore, GNMT is a tumor suppressor gene for liver cancer, and it is associated with gender disparity in liver cancer susceptibility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)816-826
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume124
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Glycine N-Methyltransferase
Gene Knockout Techniques
Liver Neoplasms
Knockout Mice
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Wnt Signaling Pathway
myc Genes
Cyclins
beta Catenin
DNA Methylation
Hemangioma
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Glycine
Cluster Analysis
Neoplasms
Gene Expression

Keywords

  • Gender difference
  • GNMT
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • MAPK pathway
  • Methylation
  • Wnt signaling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Characterization of a glycine N-methyltransferase gene knockout mouse model for hepatocellular carcinoma : Implications of the gender disparity in liver cancer susceptibility. / Liao, Yi Jcn; Liu, Shih Ping; Lee, Cheng Ming; Yen, Chia Hung; Chuang, Pei Chun; Chen, Chia Yen; Tsai, Ting Fen; Huang, Shiu Feng; Lee, Yan Hwa Wu; Chen, Yi Ming Arthur.

In: International Journal of Cancer, Vol. 124, No. 4, 15.02.2009, p. 816-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liao, Yi Jcn ; Liu, Shih Ping ; Lee, Cheng Ming ; Yen, Chia Hung ; Chuang, Pei Chun ; Chen, Chia Yen ; Tsai, Ting Fen ; Huang, Shiu Feng ; Lee, Yan Hwa Wu ; Chen, Yi Ming Arthur. / Characterization of a glycine N-methyltransferase gene knockout mouse model for hepatocellular carcinoma : Implications of the gender disparity in liver cancer susceptibility. In: International Journal of Cancer. 2009 ; Vol. 124, No. 4. pp. 816-826.
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