Characteristics of research in China assessed with Essential Science Indicators

Hui Zhen Fu, Kun Yang Chuang, Ming Huang Wang, Yu-Shan Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To provide an overview of the characteristics of research in China, a bibliometric evaluation of highly cited papers with high-level representation was conducted during the period from 1999 to 2009 based on the Essential Science Indicators (ESI) database. A comprehensive assessment covered overall performance, journals, subject categories, internationally collaborative countries, national inter-institutionally collaborative institutions, and most-cited papers in 22 scientific fields. China saw a strong growth in scientific publications in the last decade, to some extent due to increasing research and development expenditure. China has been more active in ESI fields of chemistry and physics, but more excellent in materials science, engineering and mathematics. Most publications were concerned with the common Science Citation Index subject categories of multidisciplinary chemistry, multidisciplinary materials and science, and physical chemistry. About one half China's ESC papers were internationally collaborative and the eight major industrialized countries (the USA, Germany, the UK, Japan, France, Canada, Russia, and Italy) played a prominent role in scientific collaboration with China, especially the USA. The Chinese Academy of Sciences took the leading position of institutions with many branches. The "985 Project" stimulated the most productive institutions for academic research with a huge funding injection and the universities in Hong Kong showed good scientific performance. The citation impact of internationally collaborative papers differed among fields and international collaborations made positive contributions to academic research in China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-862
Number of pages22
JournalScientometrics
Volume88
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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China
science
chemistry
Physical chemistry
Materials science
executive position
engineering science
Physics
Academy of Sciences
research and development
performance
physics
Hong Kong
expenditures
Italy
Russia
funding
Japan
France
mathematics

Keywords

  • Bibliometric analysis
  • China
  • Essential science indicator
  • Highly cited papers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Law

Cite this

Characteristics of research in China assessed with Essential Science Indicators. / Fu, Hui Zhen; Chuang, Kun Yang; Wang, Ming Huang; Ho, Yu-Shan.

In: Scientometrics, Vol. 88, No. 3, 09.2011, p. 841-862.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fu, Hui Zhen ; Chuang, Kun Yang ; Wang, Ming Huang ; Ho, Yu-Shan. / Characteristics of research in China assessed with Essential Science Indicators. In: Scientometrics. 2011 ; Vol. 88, No. 3. pp. 841-862.
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