Characteristics of comorbidities and costs among patients who died from systemic lupus erythematosus in Taiwan

Shih Chao Kang, Shinn Jang Hwang, Yu Sheng Chang, Chung Tei Chou, Chang Youh Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is prevalent among young female adults, particularly in Asia. In Taiwan, features of end-of-life SLE patients remain unclear. Material and methods: Data regarding SLE patients whose hospitalization ended up with death were collected and analyzed from the repository of the National Health Insurance Research Database, Taiwan, from 2005 to 2007. Results: A total of 302 subjects were enrolled and the majority of these were young to middle-aged women (45.8 ±18.5 years); only one third of them were treated by rheumatologists. Eight patients (2.6%) with comorbid cancers received hospice care. Sepsis/bacteremia (42.1%) was the major acute comorbidity. Nephropathy/nephritis (35.1%) represented the major chronic comorbidity. Among 27 subjects with comorbid cancers, gynecological cancers were the most common (18%). Among the inpatient costs, the cost of prescriptions accounted for the majority (21.7 ±11.5%). Under a multivariate logistic regression, advanced age (≥ 65 years) correlated positively with acute lower respiratory conditions (ALRC) and diabetes mellitus (DM), and male gender correlated negatively with nephropathy/nephritis. The nephropathy/nephritis correlated positively with hospital stays > 14 days. The ALRC was closely associated with acute respiratory failure, but not with shock. However, shock was closely associated with hospital stays ≤ 14 days and sepsis/bacteremia. Cancer development was inversely correlated to nephropathy/nephritis, acute respiratory failure, and shock (all p <0.05). Conclusions: The end-of-life SLE patients revealed aforementioned characteristics and relationships. Sepsis/bacteremia, acute respiratory failure, and ALRC contributed most frequently to the ultimate death of acutely ill SLE patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)690-696
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Medical Science
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Impending death
  • Retrospective study
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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