Characteristics and outcomes in primary aldosteronism patients harboring glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism

TAIPAI Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The clinical characteristics and surgical prognosis of glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism (GRA, also known as familial hyperaldosteronism type 1, FH-I) have not been widely studied. Using data from the Taiwan Primary Aldosteronism Investigation (TAIPAI) registry retrospectively, we describe the associated clinical factors for GRA and clinical predictors of surgical outcomes among identified GRA patients. We found 79 GRA-positive (51.2±13.8 years; women 39 (49.4%)) and 114 GRA-negative primary aldosteronism (PA) patients matched with age, gender, and body mass index. Lower plasma aldosterone concentrations (PACs) and aldosterone-renin ratios were found among GRA-positive individuals. Multivariable logistic regression demonstrated that a PAC≤40 ng/dL could predict concealed GRA individuals (OR 0.523, p=0.037). Low serum potassium (OR 0.285, p=0.008), but not the presence of GRA, was associated with hypertension-remission. Of note, PRA (OR 11.645, p=0.045) and hypokalemia (OR 0.133, p=0.048) were associated with hypertension-remission in GRA patients. Unilateral primary aldosteronism patients harboring concomitant GRA were not associated with inferior hypertension-remission after an adrenalectomy. Low serum potassium and high PRA were positively associated with hypertension-remission in GRA patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1816
JournalBiomedicines
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Adrenalectomy
  • Glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism
  • Hypokalemia
  • Plasma renin activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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