Characteristics and 3-year mortality and infection rates among incident hemodialysis patients with a permanent catheter undergoing a first vascular access conversion

Yee Yung Ng, Yen-Ni Hung, Shiao Chi Wu, Po Jen Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although vascular access conversions to arteriovenous fistula (AVF)/arteriovenous graft (AVG) in incident and maintenance hemodialysis (HD) patients are reported to be associated with lower mortality and infection risk, it is unclear whether these effects are limited to the first year. The aims of this historical cohort study were to investigate patient characteristics of vascular access conversion and the impact of vascular access conversion on 1- and 3-year mortality and infection rates in incident HD patients with a permanent catheter to initiate HD. Methods: Our study included 868 incident patients who underwent HD for at least 3 months and who, between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2006, received a permanent catheter within 3 days of starting HD. The effects of vascular access conversion on rates of infection and mortality during the subsequent 3 years were assessed using claims data from the National Health Insurance Program in Taiwan. Results: Factors associated with lower 1- and 3-year mortality and infection rates were a first vascular access converted to AVF or AVG, female gender, age

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-338
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and Experimental Nephrology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Arteriovenous graft
  • Hemodialysis
  • Infection
  • Mortality
  • Vascular access conversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Medicine(all)

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