Change in expression of the guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I in LPS-stimulated rats is tissue specific

Yu Chun Hung, Pei-Shan Tsai, Chun Jen Huang, Stone Yang, Jeffrey W. Skimming, Min Chi Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The synthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), a necessary cofactor for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), has been reported to be controlled by guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH). Previous studies have demonstrated that GTPCH was induced by bacterial toxin. However, in a study using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated murine macrophages model, we found that GTPCH expression was in fact constitutive rather than inducible. To further elucidate the effects of endotoxemia on GTPCH expression, we therefore preformed this LPS-treated rodent endotoxemia study with special focus on lung, liver, and kidney. Methods: Rats randomly received either normal saline (N/S) or LPS injection. At five different time points (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 h after LPS injection in LPS group and comparable time points in N/S group), four rats from each group were sacrificed. Snap frozen tissues were then analyzed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR to determine GTPCH mRNA concentrations. Results: GTPCH mRNA concentrations in lung and liver tissues were similar between groups. On the other hand, GTPCH mRNA concentrations in renal tissues were significantly higher in the LPS group as compared with the N/S group. Our data demonstrated that GTPCH expression in lung and liver tissues was constitutive rather than inducible, whereas renal GTPCH expression was induced by LPS in a time-dependent manner. Conclusions: GTPCH expression is tissue specific. Different tissues react differently to endotoxemia in terms of GTPCH expression. Therefore, efforts aiming at modulating GTPCH expression to limit NO overproduction should adjust accordingly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica
Volume42
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Guanosine Triphosphate
Lipopolysaccharides
Endotoxemia
Kidney
Lung
Messenger RNA
Liver
Bacterial Toxins
Injections
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Rodentia
Macrophages
Polymerase Chain Reaction

Keywords

  • GTP cyclohydrolase
  • Kidney
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Liver
  • Lung
  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Rats
  • Sepsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Change in expression of the guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I in LPS-stimulated rats is tissue specific. / Hung, Yu Chun; Tsai, Pei-Shan; Huang, Chun Jen; Yang, Stone; Skimming, Jeffrey W.; Hsieh, Min Chi.

In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica, Vol. 42, No. 1, 03.2004, p. 23-31.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hung, Yu Chun ; Tsai, Pei-Shan ; Huang, Chun Jen ; Yang, Stone ; Skimming, Jeffrey W. ; Hsieh, Min Chi. / Change in expression of the guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I in LPS-stimulated rats is tissue specific. In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica. 2004 ; Vol. 42, No. 1. pp. 23-31.
@article{d6cb4c15063246e69e86b495203b5896,
title = "Change in expression of the guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I in LPS-stimulated rats is tissue specific",
abstract = "Background: The synthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), a necessary cofactor for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), has been reported to be controlled by guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH). Previous studies have demonstrated that GTPCH was induced by bacterial toxin. However, in a study using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated murine macrophages model, we found that GTPCH expression was in fact constitutive rather than inducible. To further elucidate the effects of endotoxemia on GTPCH expression, we therefore preformed this LPS-treated rodent endotoxemia study with special focus on lung, liver, and kidney. Methods: Rats randomly received either normal saline (N/S) or LPS injection. At five different time points (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 h after LPS injection in LPS group and comparable time points in N/S group), four rats from each group were sacrificed. Snap frozen tissues were then analyzed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR to determine GTPCH mRNA concentrations. Results: GTPCH mRNA concentrations in lung and liver tissues were similar between groups. On the other hand, GTPCH mRNA concentrations in renal tissues were significantly higher in the LPS group as compared with the N/S group. Our data demonstrated that GTPCH expression in lung and liver tissues was constitutive rather than inducible, whereas renal GTPCH expression was induced by LPS in a time-dependent manner. Conclusions: GTPCH expression is tissue specific. Different tissues react differently to endotoxemia in terms of GTPCH expression. Therefore, efforts aiming at modulating GTPCH expression to limit NO overproduction should adjust accordingly.",
keywords = "GTP cyclohydrolase, Kidney, Lipopolysaccharides, Liver, Lung, Nitric oxide synthase, Rats, Sepsis",
author = "Hung, {Yu Chun} and Pei-Shan Tsai and Huang, {Chun Jen} and Stone Yang and Skimming, {Jeffrey W.} and Hsieh, {Min Chi}",
year = "2004",
month = "3",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "23--31",
journal = "Asian Journal of Anesthesiology",
issn = "2468-824X",
publisher = "Elsevier Taiwan LLC",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Change in expression of the guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I in LPS-stimulated rats is tissue specific

AU - Hung, Yu Chun

AU - Tsai, Pei-Shan

AU - Huang, Chun Jen

AU - Yang, Stone

AU - Skimming, Jeffrey W.

AU - Hsieh, Min Chi

PY - 2004/3

Y1 - 2004/3

N2 - Background: The synthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), a necessary cofactor for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), has been reported to be controlled by guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH). Previous studies have demonstrated that GTPCH was induced by bacterial toxin. However, in a study using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated murine macrophages model, we found that GTPCH expression was in fact constitutive rather than inducible. To further elucidate the effects of endotoxemia on GTPCH expression, we therefore preformed this LPS-treated rodent endotoxemia study with special focus on lung, liver, and kidney. Methods: Rats randomly received either normal saline (N/S) or LPS injection. At five different time points (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 h after LPS injection in LPS group and comparable time points in N/S group), four rats from each group were sacrificed. Snap frozen tissues were then analyzed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR to determine GTPCH mRNA concentrations. Results: GTPCH mRNA concentrations in lung and liver tissues were similar between groups. On the other hand, GTPCH mRNA concentrations in renal tissues were significantly higher in the LPS group as compared with the N/S group. Our data demonstrated that GTPCH expression in lung and liver tissues was constitutive rather than inducible, whereas renal GTPCH expression was induced by LPS in a time-dependent manner. Conclusions: GTPCH expression is tissue specific. Different tissues react differently to endotoxemia in terms of GTPCH expression. Therefore, efforts aiming at modulating GTPCH expression to limit NO overproduction should adjust accordingly.

AB - Background: The synthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), a necessary cofactor for inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), has been reported to be controlled by guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH). Previous studies have demonstrated that GTPCH was induced by bacterial toxin. However, in a study using lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated murine macrophages model, we found that GTPCH expression was in fact constitutive rather than inducible. To further elucidate the effects of endotoxemia on GTPCH expression, we therefore preformed this LPS-treated rodent endotoxemia study with special focus on lung, liver, and kidney. Methods: Rats randomly received either normal saline (N/S) or LPS injection. At five different time points (0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 h after LPS injection in LPS group and comparable time points in N/S group), four rats from each group were sacrificed. Snap frozen tissues were then analyzed using semi-quantitative RT-PCR to determine GTPCH mRNA concentrations. Results: GTPCH mRNA concentrations in lung and liver tissues were similar between groups. On the other hand, GTPCH mRNA concentrations in renal tissues were significantly higher in the LPS group as compared with the N/S group. Our data demonstrated that GTPCH expression in lung and liver tissues was constitutive rather than inducible, whereas renal GTPCH expression was induced by LPS in a time-dependent manner. Conclusions: GTPCH expression is tissue specific. Different tissues react differently to endotoxemia in terms of GTPCH expression. Therefore, efforts aiming at modulating GTPCH expression to limit NO overproduction should adjust accordingly.

KW - GTP cyclohydrolase

KW - Kidney

KW - Lipopolysaccharides

KW - Liver

KW - Lung

KW - Nitric oxide synthase

KW - Rats

KW - Sepsis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2942633703&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2942633703&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 23

EP - 31

JO - Asian Journal of Anesthesiology

JF - Asian Journal of Anesthesiology

SN - 2468-824X

IS - 1

ER -