Chalcones display anti-nlrp3 inflammasome activity in macrophages through inhibition of both priming and activation steps—structure-activity-relationship and mechanism studies

Wohn Jenn Leu, Jung Chun Chu, Jui Ling Hsu, Chi Min Du, Yi Huei Jiang, Lih Ching Hsu, Wei Jan Huang, Jih Hwa Guh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chalcones are responsible for biological activity throughout fruits, vegetables, and medicinal plants in preventing and treating a variety of inflammation-related diseases. However, their structure-activity relationship (SAR) in inhibiting inflammasome activation has not been explored. We synthesized numerous chalcones and determined their SAR on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-primed ATP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation. 11Cha1 displayed good inhibitory activity on release reaction of caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18. It significantly inhibited LPS-induced phosphorylation and proteolytic degradation of IkB-α and nuclear translocation of NF-kB, but had little effect on mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) activities. Furthermore, 11Cha1 blocked LPS-induced up-regulation of NLRP3, pro-caspase-1, ASC, IL-18, and IL-1β, indicating the suppression on priming step of inflammasome activation. ASC dimerization and oligomerization are considered to be direct evidence for inflammasome activation. 11Cha1 profoundly inhibited ATP-induced formation of ASC dimers, trimers, and oligomers, and the assembly of ASC, pro-caspase-1, and NLRP3 in inflammasome formation. Decrease of intracellular K+ levels is the common cellular activity elicited by all NLRP3 inflammasome activators. 11Cha1 substantially diminished ATP-mediated K+ efflux, confirming the anti-NLRP3 inflammasome activity of 11Cha1. In summary, the SAR of chalcone derivatives in anti-inflammasome activities was examined. Besides, 11Cha1 inhibited both priming and activation steps of NLRP3 inflammasome activation. It inhibited NF-kB activation and subsequently suppressed the up-regulation of NLRP3 inflammasome components including NLRP3, ASC, pro-caspase-1, pro-IL-18, and pro-IL-1β. Next, 11Cha1 blocked ATP-mediated K+ efflux and suppressed the assembly and activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, leading to the inhibition of caspase-1 activation and proteolytic cleavage, maturation, and secretion of IL-1β and IL-18.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5960
JournalMolecules
Volume25
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • ATP
  • Chalcone
  • K efflux
  • NF-kB
  • NLRP3 inflammasome
  • Structure-activity relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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