Cerebral dural sinus thrombosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia with early diagnosis by fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MR image

A case report and review of the literature

C. L. Ho, C. Y. Chen, Y. C. Chen, T. Y. Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cerebral dural sinus thrombosis (CDST) is a very rare complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adult patients. A 23-year-old man with ALL developed dizziness, headache, diplopia, limb weakness, and a sensation of fullness in his head after his second induction chemotherapy with doxorubicin, prednisolone, and vincristine. Examinations of the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and cerebrospinal fluid showed no recurrent leukemic cells. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain disclosed unexpected CDST at the left transverse sinus, which was seen only on the fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence. His symptoms were relieved soon after treatment with heparin. MR imaging with FLAIR performed a second time 7 days later showed complete disappearance of the thrombosis. The patient was treated continuously with oral anticoagulant therapy and the symptoms did not recur. CDST can be diagnosed in its early phase by MR studies with FLAIR images. Anticoagulant therapy can be administered safely without precipitating the occurrence of infarction hemorrhage at such an early stage of CDST.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-94
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Hematology
Volume79
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Intracranial Sinus Thrombosis
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Early Diagnosis
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Anticoagulants
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Sequence Inversion
Transverse Sinuses
Induction Chemotherapy
Diplopia
Dizziness
Vincristine
Prednisolone
Doxorubicin
Infarction
Headache
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Heparin
Thrombosis
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • CDST
  • FLAIR
  • Transverse sinus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

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abstract = "Cerebral dural sinus thrombosis (CDST) is a very rare complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adult patients. A 23-year-old man with ALL developed dizziness, headache, diplopia, limb weakness, and a sensation of fullness in his head after his second induction chemotherapy with doxorubicin, prednisolone, and vincristine. Examinations of the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and cerebrospinal fluid showed no recurrent leukemic cells. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain disclosed unexpected CDST at the left transverse sinus, which was seen only on the fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence. His symptoms were relieved soon after treatment with heparin. MR imaging with FLAIR performed a second time 7 days later showed complete disappearance of the thrombosis. The patient was treated continuously with oral anticoagulant therapy and the symptoms did not recur. CDST can be diagnosed in its early phase by MR studies with FLAIR images. Anticoagulant therapy can be administered safely without precipitating the occurrence of infarction hemorrhage at such an early stage of CDST.",
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AU - Chen, Y. C.

AU - Chao, T. Y.

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N2 - Cerebral dural sinus thrombosis (CDST) is a very rare complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adult patients. A 23-year-old man with ALL developed dizziness, headache, diplopia, limb weakness, and a sensation of fullness in his head after his second induction chemotherapy with doxorubicin, prednisolone, and vincristine. Examinations of the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and cerebrospinal fluid showed no recurrent leukemic cells. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain disclosed unexpected CDST at the left transverse sinus, which was seen only on the fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence. His symptoms were relieved soon after treatment with heparin. MR imaging with FLAIR performed a second time 7 days later showed complete disappearance of the thrombosis. The patient was treated continuously with oral anticoagulant therapy and the symptoms did not recur. CDST can be diagnosed in its early phase by MR studies with FLAIR images. Anticoagulant therapy can be administered safely without precipitating the occurrence of infarction hemorrhage at such an early stage of CDST.

AB - Cerebral dural sinus thrombosis (CDST) is a very rare complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adult patients. A 23-year-old man with ALL developed dizziness, headache, diplopia, limb weakness, and a sensation of fullness in his head after his second induction chemotherapy with doxorubicin, prednisolone, and vincristine. Examinations of the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and cerebrospinal fluid showed no recurrent leukemic cells. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the brain disclosed unexpected CDST at the left transverse sinus, which was seen only on the fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence. His symptoms were relieved soon after treatment with heparin. MR imaging with FLAIR performed a second time 7 days later showed complete disappearance of the thrombosis. The patient was treated continuously with oral anticoagulant therapy and the symptoms did not recur. CDST can be diagnosed in its early phase by MR studies with FLAIR images. Anticoagulant therapy can be administered safely without precipitating the occurrence of infarction hemorrhage at such an early stage of CDST.

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