Central pressor effects of CART peptides in anesthetized rats

Ling Ling Hwang, Chiung Tong Chen, Tzu Ling Li, Chiung Zuan Chiu, Shih Fang Chi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interrelationships between energy homeostasis and regulation of cardiovascular functions have been suggested by previous observations [Am. J. Physiol. 278 (2000) R692; Regul. Pept. 104 (2002) 75; Am. J. Physiol. 277 (1999) R1780]. Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) was first discovered in the striatum of rats treated with cocaine or amphetamine. The CART peptides were later found in the hypothalamus and functioned as anorectic peptides. We observed that intracisternally (I.C.) administered CART peptide fragments (CART 61-102 and CART 55-102) dose-dependently (1-4 nmol) increased heart rate and blood pressure in urethane-anesthetized adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Intrathecal (levels T2-T3) and intravenous administrations of these peptides, however, showed little or no effects on the heart rate and blood pressure in the rat. Furthermore, an increase of c-Fos-like immunoreactivity in the rat rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) following an I.C. CART 61-102 was observed. The results suggest that central pressor effects of anorectic CART peptides may involve in activation of the medullary sympathetic systems in the rat. Our observations support the hypothesis that energy homeostasis and cardiovascular regulations are closely related and regulated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-76
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropeptides
Volume38
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

Fingerprint

Amphetamine
Cocaine
Rats
Peptides
Appetite Depressants
Blood pressure
Homeostasis
Heart Rate
Blood Pressure
Peptide Fragments
Urethane
Intravenous Administration
Hypothalamus
Sprague Dawley Rats
Chemical activation

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • CART
  • Heart rate
  • Intracisternal
  • Intrathecal
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Central pressor effects of CART peptides in anesthetized rats. / Hwang, Ling Ling; Chen, Chiung Tong; Li, Tzu Ling; Chiu, Chiung Zuan; Chi, Shih Fang.

In: Neuropeptides, Vol. 38, No. 2-3, 04.2004, p. 69-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hwang, Ling Ling ; Chen, Chiung Tong ; Li, Tzu Ling ; Chiu, Chiung Zuan ; Chi, Shih Fang. / Central pressor effects of CART peptides in anesthetized rats. In: Neuropeptides. 2004 ; Vol. 38, No. 2-3. pp. 69-76.
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