Abstract

In this study, we examined the regulation of NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 expression by thrombin in human lung epithelial cells (EC). Thrombin caused a concentration-dependent increase in IL-8/CXCL8 release in a human lung EC line (A549) and primary normal human bronchial EC. In A549 cells, thrombin, SFLLRN-NH 2 (a protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) agonist peptide), and GYPGQV-NH 2 (a PAR4 agonist peptide), but not TFRGAP-NH 2 (a PAR3 agonist peptide), induced an increase in IL-8/CXCL8-luciferase (Luc) activity. The thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release was attenuated by D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginine chloromethyl ketone (a thrombin inhibitor), U73122 (a phosphoinositide-phospholipase C inhibitor), Ro-32-0432 (a protein kinsase C α (PKCα) inhibitor), an NF-κB inhibitor peptide, and Bay 117082 (an IκB phosphorylation inhibitor). Thrombin-induced increase in IL-8/CXCL8-Luc activity was inhibited by the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src and the cells transfected with the κB site mutation of the IL-8/CXCL8 construct. Thrombin caused time-dependent increases in phosphorylation of c-Src at tyrosine 416 and c-Src activity. Thrombin-elicited c-Src activity was inhibited by Ro-32-0432. Stimulation of cells with thrombin activated IκB kinase αβ (IKKαβ), IκBα phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, p50 and p65 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus, NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation, and κB-Luc activity. Pretreatment of A549 cells with Ro-32-4032 and the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src DN inhibited thrombin-induced IKKαβ activity, κB-Luc activity, and NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation. Further studies revealed that thrombin induced PKCα, c-Src, and IKKαβ complex formation. These results show for the first time that thrombin, acting through PAR1 and PAR4, activates the phosphoinositide-phospholipase C/PKCα/c-Src/ IKKαβ signaling pathway to induce NF-κB activation, which in turn induces IL-8/CXCL8 expression and release in human lung EC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3427-3438
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume177
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2006

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Interleukin-8
Thrombin
Epithelial Cells
Lung
PAR-1 Receptor
Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C
Thrombin Time
Phosphorylation
Protein C
Peptides
Protein C Inhibitor
DNA
Luciferases
Cytosol
Tyrosine
Arginine
Proteins
Phosphotransferases
Cell Line
Mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

@article{2680547ea8c64cb0b9542106393bf6b9,
title = "c-Src mediates thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 expression in lung epithelial cells",
abstract = "In this study, we examined the regulation of NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 expression by thrombin in human lung epithelial cells (EC). Thrombin caused a concentration-dependent increase in IL-8/CXCL8 release in a human lung EC line (A549) and primary normal human bronchial EC. In A549 cells, thrombin, SFLLRN-NH 2 (a protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) agonist peptide), and GYPGQV-NH 2 (a PAR4 agonist peptide), but not TFRGAP-NH 2 (a PAR3 agonist peptide), induced an increase in IL-8/CXCL8-luciferase (Luc) activity. The thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release was attenuated by D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginine chloromethyl ketone (a thrombin inhibitor), U73122 (a phosphoinositide-phospholipase C inhibitor), Ro-32-0432 (a protein kinsase C α (PKCα) inhibitor), an NF-κB inhibitor peptide, and Bay 117082 (an IκB phosphorylation inhibitor). Thrombin-induced increase in IL-8/CXCL8-Luc activity was inhibited by the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src and the cells transfected with the κB site mutation of the IL-8/CXCL8 construct. Thrombin caused time-dependent increases in phosphorylation of c-Src at tyrosine 416 and c-Src activity. Thrombin-elicited c-Src activity was inhibited by Ro-32-0432. Stimulation of cells with thrombin activated IκB kinase αβ (IKKαβ), IκBα phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, p50 and p65 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus, NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation, and κB-Luc activity. Pretreatment of A549 cells with Ro-32-4032 and the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src DN inhibited thrombin-induced IKKαβ activity, κB-Luc activity, and NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation. Further studies revealed that thrombin induced PKCα, c-Src, and IKKαβ complex formation. These results show for the first time that thrombin, acting through PAR1 and PAR4, activates the phosphoinositide-phospholipase C/PKCα/c-Src/ IKKαβ signaling pathway to induce NF-κB activation, which in turn induces IL-8/CXCL8 expression and release in human lung EC.",
author = "Chien-Huang Lin and Cheng, {Hui Wen} and Hsu, {Ming Jen} and Chen, {Mei Chieh} and Chia-Chin Lin and Chen, {Bing Chang}",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "177",
pages = "3427--3438",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - c-Src mediates thrombin-induced NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 expression in lung epithelial cells

AU - Lin, Chien-Huang

AU - Cheng, Hui Wen

AU - Hsu, Ming Jen

AU - Chen, Mei Chieh

AU - Lin, Chia-Chin

AU - Chen, Bing Chang

PY - 2006/9/1

Y1 - 2006/9/1

N2 - In this study, we examined the regulation of NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 expression by thrombin in human lung epithelial cells (EC). Thrombin caused a concentration-dependent increase in IL-8/CXCL8 release in a human lung EC line (A549) and primary normal human bronchial EC. In A549 cells, thrombin, SFLLRN-NH 2 (a protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) agonist peptide), and GYPGQV-NH 2 (a PAR4 agonist peptide), but not TFRGAP-NH 2 (a PAR3 agonist peptide), induced an increase in IL-8/CXCL8-luciferase (Luc) activity. The thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release was attenuated by D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginine chloromethyl ketone (a thrombin inhibitor), U73122 (a phosphoinositide-phospholipase C inhibitor), Ro-32-0432 (a protein kinsase C α (PKCα) inhibitor), an NF-κB inhibitor peptide, and Bay 117082 (an IκB phosphorylation inhibitor). Thrombin-induced increase in IL-8/CXCL8-Luc activity was inhibited by the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src and the cells transfected with the κB site mutation of the IL-8/CXCL8 construct. Thrombin caused time-dependent increases in phosphorylation of c-Src at tyrosine 416 and c-Src activity. Thrombin-elicited c-Src activity was inhibited by Ro-32-0432. Stimulation of cells with thrombin activated IκB kinase αβ (IKKαβ), IκBα phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, p50 and p65 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus, NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation, and κB-Luc activity. Pretreatment of A549 cells with Ro-32-4032 and the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src DN inhibited thrombin-induced IKKαβ activity, κB-Luc activity, and NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation. Further studies revealed that thrombin induced PKCα, c-Src, and IKKαβ complex formation. These results show for the first time that thrombin, acting through PAR1 and PAR4, activates the phosphoinositide-phospholipase C/PKCα/c-Src/ IKKαβ signaling pathway to induce NF-κB activation, which in turn induces IL-8/CXCL8 expression and release in human lung EC.

AB - In this study, we examined the regulation of NF-κB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 expression by thrombin in human lung epithelial cells (EC). Thrombin caused a concentration-dependent increase in IL-8/CXCL8 release in a human lung EC line (A549) and primary normal human bronchial EC. In A549 cells, thrombin, SFLLRN-NH 2 (a protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) agonist peptide), and GYPGQV-NH 2 (a PAR4 agonist peptide), but not TFRGAP-NH 2 (a PAR3 agonist peptide), induced an increase in IL-8/CXCL8-luciferase (Luc) activity. The thrombin-induced IL-8/CXCL8 release was attenuated by D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginine chloromethyl ketone (a thrombin inhibitor), U73122 (a phosphoinositide-phospholipase C inhibitor), Ro-32-0432 (a protein kinsase C α (PKCα) inhibitor), an NF-κB inhibitor peptide, and Bay 117082 (an IκB phosphorylation inhibitor). Thrombin-induced increase in IL-8/CXCL8-Luc activity was inhibited by the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src and the cells transfected with the κB site mutation of the IL-8/CXCL8 construct. Thrombin caused time-dependent increases in phosphorylation of c-Src at tyrosine 416 and c-Src activity. Thrombin-elicited c-Src activity was inhibited by Ro-32-0432. Stimulation of cells with thrombin activated IκB kinase αβ (IKKαβ), IκBα phosphorylation, IκBα degradation, p50 and p65 translocation from the cytosol to the nucleus, NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation, and κB-Luc activity. Pretreatment of A549 cells with Ro-32-4032 and the dominant-negative mutant of c-Src DN inhibited thrombin-induced IKKαβ activity, κB-Luc activity, and NF-κB-specific DNA-protein complex formation. Further studies revealed that thrombin induced PKCα, c-Src, and IKKαβ complex formation. These results show for the first time that thrombin, acting through PAR1 and PAR4, activates the phosphoinositide-phospholipase C/PKCα/c-Src/ IKKαβ signaling pathway to induce NF-κB activation, which in turn induces IL-8/CXCL8 expression and release in human lung EC.

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