C-myc activation in an unusual retrovirus-induced avian T-lymphoma resembling Marek's disease

Proviral insertion 5' of exon one enhances the expression of an intron promoter

R. Isfort, R. L. Witter, H. J. Kung

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Characterization of nonacute retrovirus-induced neoplasms have greatly facilitated our understanding of the mechanisms by which host protooncogenes are activated. Here we report the molecular characterization of a newly identified chicken lymphoma, which does not involve the bursa of Fabricius. This lymphoma, specifically induced by reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV), is similar in tumor location and T-cell origin to Marek's disease, a herpesvirus-induced T-lymphoma. We show the c-myc is the specific target locus for REV insertion. Integrated proviruses are all located upstream of the c-myc coding exons, and 60% are 5' to the first noncoding exon. One-half of the proviruses are oriented in the opposite transcriptional direction as the c-myc gene. This insertion pattern is in contrast to the pattern in B-lymphomas induced by the same virus. While some of the proviruses in these T-lymphomas used the 3' LTR promoter to transcribe the downstream c-myc gene, others apparently activated a common, cryptic promoter located in the first intron. To our knowledge, this is the first molecular description of an avian T-lymphoma induced by a nonacute retrovirus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-94
Number of pages14
JournalOncogene Research
Volume2
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Marek Disease
Retroviridae
Introns
Exons
Lymphoma
Proviruses
Reticuloendotheliosis virus
myc Genes
Bursa of Fabricius
Herpesviridae
Chickens
Neoplasms
Viruses
T-Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

Cite this

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title = "C-myc activation in an unusual retrovirus-induced avian T-lymphoma resembling Marek's disease: Proviral insertion 5' of exon one enhances the expression of an intron promoter",
abstract = "Characterization of nonacute retrovirus-induced neoplasms have greatly facilitated our understanding of the mechanisms by which host protooncogenes are activated. Here we report the molecular characterization of a newly identified chicken lymphoma, which does not involve the bursa of Fabricius. This lymphoma, specifically induced by reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV), is similar in tumor location and T-cell origin to Marek's disease, a herpesvirus-induced T-lymphoma. We show the c-myc is the specific target locus for REV insertion. Integrated proviruses are all located upstream of the c-myc coding exons, and 60{\%} are 5' to the first noncoding exon. One-half of the proviruses are oriented in the opposite transcriptional direction as the c-myc gene. This insertion pattern is in contrast to the pattern in B-lymphomas induced by the same virus. While some of the proviruses in these T-lymphomas used the 3' LTR promoter to transcribe the downstream c-myc gene, others apparently activated a common, cryptic promoter located in the first intron. To our knowledge, this is the first molecular description of an avian T-lymphoma induced by a nonacute retrovirus.",
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AU - Witter, R. L.

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N2 - Characterization of nonacute retrovirus-induced neoplasms have greatly facilitated our understanding of the mechanisms by which host protooncogenes are activated. Here we report the molecular characterization of a newly identified chicken lymphoma, which does not involve the bursa of Fabricius. This lymphoma, specifically induced by reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV), is similar in tumor location and T-cell origin to Marek's disease, a herpesvirus-induced T-lymphoma. We show the c-myc is the specific target locus for REV insertion. Integrated proviruses are all located upstream of the c-myc coding exons, and 60% are 5' to the first noncoding exon. One-half of the proviruses are oriented in the opposite transcriptional direction as the c-myc gene. This insertion pattern is in contrast to the pattern in B-lymphomas induced by the same virus. While some of the proviruses in these T-lymphomas used the 3' LTR promoter to transcribe the downstream c-myc gene, others apparently activated a common, cryptic promoter located in the first intron. To our knowledge, this is the first molecular description of an avian T-lymphoma induced by a nonacute retrovirus.

AB - Characterization of nonacute retrovirus-induced neoplasms have greatly facilitated our understanding of the mechanisms by which host protooncogenes are activated. Here we report the molecular characterization of a newly identified chicken lymphoma, which does not involve the bursa of Fabricius. This lymphoma, specifically induced by reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV), is similar in tumor location and T-cell origin to Marek's disease, a herpesvirus-induced T-lymphoma. We show the c-myc is the specific target locus for REV insertion. Integrated proviruses are all located upstream of the c-myc coding exons, and 60% are 5' to the first noncoding exon. One-half of the proviruses are oriented in the opposite transcriptional direction as the c-myc gene. This insertion pattern is in contrast to the pattern in B-lymphomas induced by the same virus. While some of the proviruses in these T-lymphomas used the 3' LTR promoter to transcribe the downstream c-myc gene, others apparently activated a common, cryptic promoter located in the first intron. To our knowledge, this is the first molecular description of an avian T-lymphoma induced by a nonacute retrovirus.

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