c-fos gene expression is increased in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats with visceral pain induced by acetic acid without detectable changes of corticotrophin-releasing factor mRNA: A quantitative approach with an image analysis system

Bang H. Hwang, Hung Ming Chang, Zhu H. Gu, Ryoji Suzuki

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This study is the first of its kind to demonstrate that c-Fos immunoreactivity (ir) together with c-fos mRNA in their immediately adjacent tissue sections of a discrete brain region can be reliably measured. The c-fos gene expression in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) of Sprague-Dawley rats for an animal model for visceral or somatovisceral pain induced by 2% acetic acid (AA) was used in this study. Specifically, c-fos mRNA signals were measured by quantitative autoradiography after in situ hybridization using c-fos ohgodeoxynucleotide probe, and c-Fos-ir signals were represented by c-Fos immunostaining, as detected using c-Fos antibody in a regular immunohistochemistry. Signals from both c-Fos-ir and c-fos mRNA in the PVN were measured from their immediately adjacent cryostat sections. For the measurement of c-Fos-ir, it was carried out by reading 10 rectangles (1,000 μm2/rectangle) on each PVN section with c-Fos immunostaining. Specific signals were obtained from subtracting the nonspecific background signal from the total signals using a computer-assisted image analysis system. Results indicated that the AA treatment induced a significant increase of both c-Fos-ir and c-fos mRNA in the PVN. Interestingly, there was no increase of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF) mRNA expression in the PVN and central nucleus of the amygdala of Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to the AA treatment. In summary, this study has demonstrated that c-Fos-ir in the PVN with an anatomical resolution can be semiquantitatively measured after immunohistochemistry using an image analysis system, and that increased c-fos mRNA in the PVN 1 hr after the AA treatment is associated with no changes of the CRF mRNA expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-413
Number of pages8
JournalAnatomical Record
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes



  • c-Fos immunostaining
  • c-fos mRNA
  • Paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus
  • Visceral pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biotechnology
  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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