Bronchiolitis obliterans in children

Clinical presentation, therapy and long-term follow-up

Chih Yung Chiu, Kin Sun Wong, Yhu Chering Huang, Tzou Yien Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To delineate the predisposing factors, clinical, radiological features and outcomes of bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) in children for minimising morbidity and mortality. Methods: Ten children who had BO from July 1995 to July 2005 were retrospectively reviewed at a tertiary paediatric facility in northern Taiwan. Results: Bronchiolitis obliterans complicated by infections, Stevens-Johnson syndrome was found in eight and two patients, respectively. In children with post-infectious BO, adenoviruses were the most common etiologic agents (7/8). Among them, six patients needed intensive management and five patients needed mechanical ventilation. All patients presented persistent dyspneic respirations and wheezing since the initial lung infection. Initial focal atelectasis (n = 3) on chest radiographs progressed to atelectasis/lobar collapse (n = 8) when the diagnosis of BO was made. After adequate supportive management, atelectatic bronchiectasis was the most common complication (n = 5). Conclusion: Severe adenovirus bronchiolitis and/or pneumonia appear to have higher risk of development of BO in children. In order to minimise associated complications of BO, meticulous respiratory care for preventing pulmonary collapse may be considered in such instances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-133
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bronchiolitis Obliterans
Pulmonary Atelectasis
Adenoviridae
Therapeutics
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Bronchiolitis
Bronchiectasis
Respiratory Sounds
Infection
Taiwan
Artificial Respiration
Causality
Pneumonia
Respiration
Thorax
Pediatrics
Morbidity
Lung
Mortality

Keywords

  • Adenoviruses
  • Atelectatic bronchiectasis
  • Bronchiolitis obliterans
  • Stevens-Johnson syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Bronchiolitis obliterans in children : Clinical presentation, therapy and long-term follow-up. / Chiu, Chih Yung; Wong, Kin Sun; Huang, Yhu Chering; Lin, Tzou Yien.

In: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, Vol. 44, No. 3, 03.2008, p. 129-133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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