Branhamella catarrhalis pneumonia

report of 4 cases.

M. Y. Yen, I. K. Tsai, D. L. Cheng, Y. C. Liu, C. Y. Liu, L. S. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This is the first time Branhamella Catarrhalis has been identified as a lower respiratory tract pathogen in Taiwan. All 4 patients with B. catarrhalis pneumonia reported herein had a certain degree of underlying pulmonary dysfunction. Two patients had pure B. catarrhalis infection, whilst the other two had concomitant infections with Haemophilus influenzae or Viridans streptococci. Amongst the 3 strains of B. catarrhalis examined, all were capable of producing beta-lactamase. By using the Kirby-Bauer method, 2 of these strains were observed as penicillin resistant. Therefore, patients with poor clinical response to penicillin, ampicillin, and cephapirin were treated effectively with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or ofloxacin. B. catarrhalis should no longer be regarded as a normal flora of the sputum in patients with lower respiratory tract infections. Beta-lactamase production should be tested for each isolated strain to avoid failure of penicillin therapy due to bacterial resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-616
Number of pages7
JournalTaiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume88
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis
Pneumonia
Penicillins
beta-Lactamases
Cephapirin
Viridans Streptococci
Ofloxacin
Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Trimethoprim
Haemophilus influenzae
Ampicillin
Infection
Sputum
Taiwan
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory System
Lung

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Yen, M. Y., Tsai, I. K., Cheng, D. L., Liu, Y. C., Liu, C. Y., & Wang, L. S. (1989). Branhamella catarrhalis pneumonia: report of 4 cases. Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 88(6), 610-616.

Branhamella catarrhalis pneumonia : report of 4 cases. / Yen, M. Y.; Tsai, I. K.; Cheng, D. L.; Liu, Y. C.; Liu, C. Y.; Wang, L. S.

In: Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Vol. 88, No. 6, 06.1989, p. 610-616.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yen, MY, Tsai, IK, Cheng, DL, Liu, YC, Liu, CY & Wang, LS 1989, 'Branhamella catarrhalis pneumonia: report of 4 cases.', Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 610-616.
Yen, M. Y. ; Tsai, I. K. ; Cheng, D. L. ; Liu, Y. C. ; Liu, C. Y. ; Wang, L. S. / Branhamella catarrhalis pneumonia : report of 4 cases. In: Taiwan yi xue hui za zhi. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association. 1989 ; Vol. 88, No. 6. pp. 610-616.
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