Brain activation and gait alteration during cognitive and motor dual task walking in stroke -a functional near-infrared spectroscopy study

Yan Ci Liu, Yea Ru Yang, Yun An Tsai, Ray Yau Wang, Chia Feng Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of cognitive and motor dual tasks on gait performance and brain activities in stroke. Twenty-three stroke subjects performed single walking (SW), walking while performing cognitive task (WCT), and walking while performing motor task (WMT) at self-selected speed. The gait performance was recorded, including speed, cadence, stride time, stride length, and dual task cost (DTC). Brain activities in prefrontal cortex (PFC), premotor cortex (PMC), and supplementary motor areas (SMA) were measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy during walking. Results showed significant decrease in speed, cadence, and stride length, and increase in stride time were noted in both WCT and WMT compared with SW condition. There was no significant difference in DTC between WCT and WMT. The non-lesioned SMA and most channels of bilateral PMCs exhibited significant increases in the index of hemoglobin differential during WCT and WMT compared with SW. Moreover, gait performance was negatively correlated with bilateral PMCs and lesioned SMA during different walking tasks. In conclusion, deteriorated gait performance was noted in stroke attempting dual tasks. No significant difference between the two dual tasks on gait performance. Nevertheless, SMA and especially PMC were crucial in cognitive and motor dual task walking after stroke.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Brain activities
  • Cognitive dual task
  • Gait performance
  • Hemodynamics
  • Legged locomotion
  • Monitoring
  • Motion artifacts
  • Motor dual task
  • Spectroscopy
  • Stroke
  • Task analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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