Bone marrow transplantation with HLA partially matched related donors.

P. M. Chen, T. J. Chiou, R. K. Hsieh, C. H. Tzeng, W. S. Wang, C. C. Yen, S. L. Tung, J. H. Liu

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Approximately one-fourth of patients who could benefit from bone marrow transplantation (BMT) are served by a genotypically identical sibling donor. When patients do not have an HLA-matched donor, alternative marrow sources should be explored. The way to allow survival in some patients is to perform two- or three loci HLA mismatched BMT. Preliminary results with BMT in partially-matched, related donors performed at Veterans General Hospital-Taipei are reported. METHODS: Between 1985 and 1994, a total of 121 patients were enrolled in this study. Ten patients received BMT with HLA partially-matched, related donor, including 2 acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL), 5 chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) and 3 severe aplastic anemia (SAA). Three and four hematologically malignant patients received cyclophosphamide (Cy) + radiotherapy (RT) and Cy + Busulfan(Bu) preconditioning regimens, respectively; three SAA patients received standard Cy + RT regimen. Additional prophylaxis against graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) consisted of methotrexate (MTX) and cyclosporin-A (CSA). The median follow up was 36 months. Seven were 2-loci disparate and 3 were 3-loci. RESULTS: Engraftment developed with a mean of 20.9 days after transplant. Nonengraftment rate was 1/10 (10%), delayed graft failure 2/10(20%) and venoocculsive disease (VOD) 1/10(10%). The percentage of patients who developed grade II to IV acute GVHD was low (13.6% of those mismatched at 0 locus, 31.6% mismatched at 1 loci and 14.3% at > or = 2 loci. p = 0.181). Extensive chronic GVHD occurred in 16.7% (34.1% of those mismatched at 0 locus, 41.2% mismatched at 1 loci and 16.7% at 2 loci. p = 0.492). There were five deaths. The other 5 still survived at 36 months of follow-up. Log-rank analysis revealed no statistical significance between those mismatched at > or = 2 vs at 1 (p = 0.146) but the difference between those mismatched at > or = 2 and at 0 (p = 0.0359) was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: When patients requiring BMT without an HLA identical sibling donor, an alternative transplant from haploidentical family members remains a viable option, especially when a patient has CML, SAA or other refractory hematologic malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-391
Number of pages7
JournalZhonghua yi xue za zhi = Chinese medical journal; Free China ed
Volume58
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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