Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients experience bone loss and fracture because of a specific CKD-related systemic disorder known as CKD-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD). The bone turnover, mineralization, and volume (TMV) system describes the morphological bone lesions in renal osteodystrophy related to CKD-MBD. Bone turnover and bone volume are defined as high, normal, or low, and bone mineralization is classified as normal or abnormal. All types of bone histology related to TMV are responsible for both bone quantity and bone quality losses in CKD patients. This review focuses on current bone quantity and bone quality losses in CKD patients and finally discusses potential therapeutic measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-70
Number of pages14
JournalBone
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Bone quantity and bone quality losses
  • Bone remodeling
  • Chronic kidney disease-mineral bone disorder (CKD-MBD)
  • Vitamin D therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Histology

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