Bone health among older adults in Taiwan

Wei Jen Wang, Kuan Liang Kuo, Chen Kun Liaw, Tai Yin Wu, Wei Chu Chie, Jer Min Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and purpose There has been much discussion about the risk factors for osteoporosis, but studies involving elderly population in Taiwan are minimal. We aimed to describe variables related to osteoporosis among community dwelling older people in Taiwan. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. The 671 participants were randomly selected from 3680 examinees of the annual Senior Citizens Health Examination in year 2010. Participants were interviewed with a detailed questionnaire, and 91 of them were invited for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Predictor variables included age, gender and clinical risk factors for osteoporosis. The main outcome was osteoporosis confirmed by DXA. Results The mean age of the participants was 75.7 ± 6.4 years old. Overall, the most prevalent variables for osteoporosis were height loss in adulthood (41.0%), lack of dairy products or calcium supplements (32.0%) and insufficient physical activity (10.4%). In multivariate models, we found that underweight (OR = 9.80) and lack of dairy products/calcium supplements (OR = 3.68) were the main variables for osteoporosis. In the subgroup analysis involving only women, underweight (OR = 14.60) was the main variable. Discussion Among community-dwelling older people in Taiwan, osteoporosis was mainly associated with underweight and lack of dairy products or calcium supplements. Conclusion We suggest using the key questions of underweight and dietary pattern in clinical settings to identify high risk people who are candidates for further BMD exam.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-161
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

bone disease
Taiwan
Osteoporosis
Thinness
Bone and Bones
Health
Dairy Products
health
supplement
Independent Living
Photon Absorptiometry
Calcium
lack
energy
cross-sectional study
adulthood
community
candidacy
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise

Keywords

  • Older people
  • Osteoporosis
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Bone health among older adults in Taiwan. / Wang, Wei Jen; Kuo, Kuan Liang; Liaw, Chen Kun; Wu, Tai Yin; Chie, Wei Chu; Chen, Jer Min.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 70, 01.05.2017, p. 155-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Wei Jen ; Kuo, Kuan Liang ; Liaw, Chen Kun ; Wu, Tai Yin ; Chie, Wei Chu ; Chen, Jer Min. / Bone health among older adults in Taiwan. In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2017 ; Vol. 70. pp. 155-161.
@article{0794810f1dc5467f9ae8acc52a8e3e33,
title = "Bone health among older adults in Taiwan",
abstract = "Background and purpose There has been much discussion about the risk factors for osteoporosis, but studies involving elderly population in Taiwan are minimal. We aimed to describe variables related to osteoporosis among community dwelling older people in Taiwan. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. The 671 participants were randomly selected from 3680 examinees of the annual Senior Citizens Health Examination in year 2010. Participants were interviewed with a detailed questionnaire, and 91 of them were invited for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Predictor variables included age, gender and clinical risk factors for osteoporosis. The main outcome was osteoporosis confirmed by DXA. Results The mean age of the participants was 75.7 ± 6.4 years old. Overall, the most prevalent variables for osteoporosis were height loss in adulthood (41.0{\%}), lack of dairy products or calcium supplements (32.0{\%}) and insufficient physical activity (10.4{\%}). In multivariate models, we found that underweight (OR = 9.80) and lack of dairy products/calcium supplements (OR = 3.68) were the main variables for osteoporosis. In the subgroup analysis involving only women, underweight (OR = 14.60) was the main variable. Discussion Among community-dwelling older people in Taiwan, osteoporosis was mainly associated with underweight and lack of dairy products or calcium supplements. Conclusion We suggest using the key questions of underweight and dietary pattern in clinical settings to identify high risk people who are candidates for further BMD exam.",
keywords = "Older people, Osteoporosis, Risk factors",
author = "Wang, {Wei Jen} and Kuo, {Kuan Liang} and Liaw, {Chen Kun} and Wu, {Tai Yin} and Chie, {Wei Chu} and Chen, {Jer Min}",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.archger.2017.01.003",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "155--161",
journal = "Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics",
issn = "0167-4943",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bone health among older adults in Taiwan

AU - Wang, Wei Jen

AU - Kuo, Kuan Liang

AU - Liaw, Chen Kun

AU - Wu, Tai Yin

AU - Chie, Wei Chu

AU - Chen, Jer Min

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Background and purpose There has been much discussion about the risk factors for osteoporosis, but studies involving elderly population in Taiwan are minimal. We aimed to describe variables related to osteoporosis among community dwelling older people in Taiwan. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. The 671 participants were randomly selected from 3680 examinees of the annual Senior Citizens Health Examination in year 2010. Participants were interviewed with a detailed questionnaire, and 91 of them were invited for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Predictor variables included age, gender and clinical risk factors for osteoporosis. The main outcome was osteoporosis confirmed by DXA. Results The mean age of the participants was 75.7 ± 6.4 years old. Overall, the most prevalent variables for osteoporosis were height loss in adulthood (41.0%), lack of dairy products or calcium supplements (32.0%) and insufficient physical activity (10.4%). In multivariate models, we found that underweight (OR = 9.80) and lack of dairy products/calcium supplements (OR = 3.68) were the main variables for osteoporosis. In the subgroup analysis involving only women, underweight (OR = 14.60) was the main variable. Discussion Among community-dwelling older people in Taiwan, osteoporosis was mainly associated with underweight and lack of dairy products or calcium supplements. Conclusion We suggest using the key questions of underweight and dietary pattern in clinical settings to identify high risk people who are candidates for further BMD exam.

AB - Background and purpose There has been much discussion about the risk factors for osteoporosis, but studies involving elderly population in Taiwan are minimal. We aimed to describe variables related to osteoporosis among community dwelling older people in Taiwan. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. The 671 participants were randomly selected from 3680 examinees of the annual Senior Citizens Health Examination in year 2010. Participants were interviewed with a detailed questionnaire, and 91 of them were invited for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Predictor variables included age, gender and clinical risk factors for osteoporosis. The main outcome was osteoporosis confirmed by DXA. Results The mean age of the participants was 75.7 ± 6.4 years old. Overall, the most prevalent variables for osteoporosis were height loss in adulthood (41.0%), lack of dairy products or calcium supplements (32.0%) and insufficient physical activity (10.4%). In multivariate models, we found that underweight (OR = 9.80) and lack of dairy products/calcium supplements (OR = 3.68) were the main variables for osteoporosis. In the subgroup analysis involving only women, underweight (OR = 14.60) was the main variable. Discussion Among community-dwelling older people in Taiwan, osteoporosis was mainly associated with underweight and lack of dairy products or calcium supplements. Conclusion We suggest using the key questions of underweight and dietary pattern in clinical settings to identify high risk people who are candidates for further BMD exam.

KW - Older people

KW - Osteoporosis

KW - Risk factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85011546053&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85011546053&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.archger.2017.01.003

DO - 10.1016/j.archger.2017.01.003

M3 - Article

VL - 70

SP - 155

EP - 161

JO - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

JF - Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

SN - 0167-4943

ER -