Blood pressure reactivity and recovery to anger recall in hypertensive patients with type d personality

Yi Da Li, Tin Kwang Lin, Yi Ru Tu, Chih Wei Chen, Chin Lon Lin, Ming Nan Lin, Malcolm Koo, Chia Ying Weng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Type D, otherwise known as distressed personality type, has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Blood pressure reactivity and recovery to stress could be a possible underlying pathway linking type D personality and cardiovascular events. Methods: A total of 41 patients with hypertension were recruited from a regional hospital in southern Taiwan. Demographic and clinical characteristics were obtained from all participants. Type D personality was assessed using the 14-item Type D Scale-Taiwanese version. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate were measured at the end of baseline, anger recall, verbal, and recovery phases of an anger recall task. Analysis of covariance was used to examine differences in blood pressure and heart rate at the anger recall, verbal, and recovery phase between patients with or without type D personality. Results: After adjusting for baseline measurements, sex, and age, systolic blood pressure (p = 0.002) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.011) at the recovery phase were significantly higher in the patients with type D personality. No significant differences in blood pressure or heart rate were observed in the anger recall or verbal phase between the two groups of patients. Conclusions: The findings of this study support the notion that prolonged blood pressure recovery rather than high reactivity could be an underlying pathway linking type D personality and the risk of future cardiovascular events among patients with hypertension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-423
Number of pages7
JournalActa Cardiologica Sinica
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anger
  • Blood pressure
  • Hypertension
  • Type D personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Blood pressure reactivity and recovery to anger recall in hypertensive patients with type d personality'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this