Background: Type D, otherwise known as distressed personality type, has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Blood pressure reactivity and recovery to stress could be a possible underlying pathway linking type D personality and cardiovascular events. Methods: A total of 41 patients with hypertension were recruited from a regional hospital in southern Taiwan. Demographic and clinical characteristics were obtained from all participants. Type D personality was assessed using the 14-item Type D Scale-Taiwanese version. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate were measured at the end of baseline, anger recall, verbal, and recovery phases of an anger recall task. Analysis of covariance was used to examine differences in blood pressure and heart rate at the anger recall, verbal, and recovery phase between patients with or without type D personality. Results: After adjusting for baseline measurements, sex, and age, systolic blood pressure (p = 0.002) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.011) at the recovery phase were significantly higher in the patients with type D personality. No significant differences in blood pressure or heart rate were observed in the anger recall or verbal phase between the two groups of patients. Conclusions: The findings of this study support the notion that prolonged blood pressure recovery rather than high reactivity could be an underlying pathway linking type D personality and the risk of future cardiovascular events among patients with hypertension.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Acta Cardiologica Sinica|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 2018|
- Blood pressure
- Type D personality
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine