Abstract

This population-based matched cohort analysis explored the effects of bisphosphonate treatment on acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We found that patients who received bisphosphonate therapy had a lower risk of AMI during a 2-year follow-up period (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.35). Our data support that bisphosphonates may provide protective effects against cardiovascular events. Introduction: Although bisphosphonates have been suggested to have anti-atherosclerotic effects in animal models, evidence in human subjects is still conflicting. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the effects of bisphosphonate treatment on AMI using a population-based cohort study. Methods: We identified 1,548 patients who received bisphosphonate therapy for osteoporotic fractures and randomly extracted 4,644 subjects with vertebral or hip fractures as a comparison cohort. Each patient was individually tracked for 2 years to identify those who subsequently suffered an AMI. Stratified Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to assess the effect of bisphosphonate treatment on the risk of AMI. Results: Six (0.4 %) of the patients who received bisphosphonate therapy and 49 (1.1 %) of the comparison subjects suffered an AMI during the 2-year follow-up period. The incidence rate of AMI was 1.94 (95 % CI = 0.79-4.03) per 1,000 person-years in patients who received bisphosphonate therapy and 5.28 (95 % CI = 3.95-6.92) per 1,000 person-years in comparison patients. Regression analysis revealed that patients who received bisphosphonate therapy had a lower hazard of AMI during the 2-year follow-up period than comparison patients (HR = 0.37, 95 % CI = 0.16-0.85, p = 0.020). After censoring cases that died from non-AMI causes and adjusting for both demographic and risk factors, the HR of AMI for patients who received bisphosphonate therapy was 0.35 (95 % CI = 0.14-0.84, p = 0.020) than that of comparison patients. Conclusions: Patients who received bisphosphonate therapy had a lower risk of AMI during the 2-year follow-up period. Our data support that bisphosphonates may provide protective effects against cardiovascular events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Bisphosphonate
  • Fracture
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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